Names of the Peshitta Bible in Aramaic

  • Genesis – Sipra d’Berita
  • Exodus – Sipra d’Mapkana
  • Leviticus- Sipra d’Kakhane
  • Numbers- Sipra d’Minyane
  • Deuteronomy – Sipre d’Tinyan Aurayta
  • Job – Ketava d’Yob
  • Joshua – Ketava d’Ishu bar Nun
  • Judges – Sipra Dayane
  • 1 Samuel / 2 Samuel – Ketava Kadmaya d’Shemuel / Ketava Trayana d’Shemuel
  • Psalms – Ketava d’Mazmore (d’David)
  • 1 Kings / 2 Kings – Sipra Kadmaya d’Malke / Sipra Trayana d’Malke
  • Proverbs – Ketava d’Matle
  • Wisdom*
  • Ecclesiastes – Ketava d’Kukhlat
  • Song of Songs – Tishbekhat Tishbekhata
  • Isaiah – Ketava d’Eshaya Nebya
  • Jeremiah – Ketava d’Eramya Nebya
  • Lamentations – Ketava d’Olyata
  • Epistle of Jeremiah*
  • Epistle of Baruch*
  • Baruch*
  • Ezekiel – Ketava d’Khazquiel
  • Hosea – Ketava d’Khosha Nebya
  • Joel – Ketava d’Yoel Nebya
  • Amos – Ketava d’Amos Nebya
  • Obadiah – Ketava d’Obadya Nebya
  • Jonah – Ketava d’Yonan Nebya
  • Micah – Ketava d’Mikha Nebya
  • Nahum – Ketava d’Nakhom Nebya
  • Habakkuk – Ketava d’Khabok Nebya
  • Zephaniah – Ketava d’Zefanya Nebya
  • Haggai – Ketava d’Khagai Nebya
  • Zechariah – Ketava d’Zekarya Nebya
  • Malachi – Ketava d’Malakhi Nebya
  • Daniel (with “Prayer of Azariah” and “Song of Three”) – Ketava d’Daniel Nebya
  • Bel*
  • The Dragon*
  • Ruth – Ketava d’Rot
  • Susanna*
  • Esther – Ketava d’Ister
  • Judith*
  • Ben Sirach*
  • 1 Chronicles / 2 Chronicles – Sipra Kadmaya d’Dabaryamin / Sipra Beth d’Dabaryamin
  • Apocalypse of Baruch*
  • 4 Ezra*
  • Ezra – Ketava d’Ezra
  • Nehemiah – Ketava d’Nekhemya
  • 1 Maccabees*
  • 2 Maccabees*
  • 3 Maccabees*
  • 4 Maccabees*
  • Josephus, Wars of the Jews*
  • Matthew – Karozota (Karozuta) d’Matai
  • Mark – Karozota d’Marcos
  • Luke – Karozota d’Luka
  • John – Karozota d’Yokhnan
  • Acts of the Apostles – Saorana/Praksis d’Shlikha
  • Epistle of James – Igrata d’Yaaqub Shlikha
  • Hebrews – Igrata d’Levat Ivraya
  • Diatessaron – Damkhaltey**
  • Epistle of Peter – Igrata d’Keifa Shlikha
  • Epistle of John – Igrata d’Yukhnan Shlikha
  • Romans – Igrata d’Levat Romaya
  • 1/2 Corinthians – Igrata d’Levat Kurintaya
  • Galatians – Igrata d’Levat Galataya
  • Ephesians – Igrata d’Levat Afsaya
  • Philippians – Igrata d’Levat Filipsaya
  • Colossians – Igrata d’Levat Kulsaya
  • 1/2 Thessalonians – Igrata d’Levat Teslunikaya
  • 1/2 Timothy – Timoteos
  • Titus – Titus
  • Philemon – Filimun

* The list for the Peshitta Tanakh corresponds to Codex Ambrosiano.

“In the [Peshitta] Old Testament, this represents a direct translation from ancient Hebrew texts, probably done in Edessa or Arbela. The Peshitta remained the standard version for the Eastern churches, just as the Latin Vulgate did for the Western church.”

“Although they did not include them in the canon of scripture, all the Eastern churches knew many ancient Christian texts, including apocryphal Gospels and apocalypses, and many scholars quote from now-lost patristic texts and commentaries. One major influence for Syriac writers was the Diatessaron, which was widely used in Eastern churches before many bishops decided to abandon it on the grounds of Tatian’s heretical leanings.

“Nevertheless, Syriac scholars continued to know and cite the work at least through the thirteenth century, giving them access to what might have been authentically ancient New Testament readings that were lost in later texts. Through the Diatessaron, for instance, scholars like Isho’dad and Bar Salibi knew the ancient story that at the moment of Christ’s baptism, ‘a great light shone’ over the Jordan.