ONKELOS and Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian with Jerusalem fragments

GENESIS 26:1
JPS 26:1 And there was a famine in the land, beside the first famine that was in the days of Abraham. And Isaac went unto Abimelech king of the Philistines unto Gerar.
ONK 26:1 And there was a famine in the land, besides the former famine that was in the days of Abraham; and Izhak went to Abimelek, king of the Philistaee, to Grerar.(117)
PAL 26:1 And there was a mighty famine in the land of Kenaan, besides the former famine which had been in the days of Abraham; and Izhak went to Abimelek king of the Philistaee at Gerar.

GENESIS 26:2
JPS 26:2 And the LORD appeared unto him, and said: ‘Go not down unto Egypt; dwell in the land which I shall tell thee of.
ONK 26:2 And the Lord appeared to him and said, Go not down into Mizraim,(118) remain in the land as I have told thee;
PAL 26:2 It had been in Izhak’s heart to go down to Mizraim; but the Lord appeared to him, and said, Go not down to Mizraim; dwell in the land as I have told thee;

GENESIS 26:3
JPS 26:3 Sojourn in this land, and I will be with thee, and will bless thee; for unto thee, and unto thy seed, I will give all these lands, and I will establish the oath which I swore unto Abraham thy father;
ONK 26:3 dwell in this land, and My Word shall be to thee for a helper; and I will bless thee. For to thee and to thy son will I give all these lands; and I will confirm the oath that I have sworn to Abraham thy father;
PAL 26:3 sojourn in the land, and My Word shall be for thy help, and I will bless thee; for to the end to thy sons will I give all these lands, and I will establish the covenant which I have covenanted with Abraham thy father.

GENESIS 26:4
JPS 26:4 and I will multiply thy seed as the stars of heaven, and will give unto thy seed all these lands; and by thy seed shall all the nations of the earth bless themselves;
ONK 26:4 and I will multiply thy son as the stars of heaven, and will give thy son all these lands, and through thy son shall all the peoples of the earth be blessed,
PAL 26:4 And I will multiply thy sons as the stars of the heavens, and will give to thy sons all these lands, and through thy sons shall all the nations of the earth be blessed;

GENESIS 26:5
JPS 26:5 because that Abraham hearkened to My voice, and kept My charge, My commandments, My statutes, and My laws.’
ONK 26:5 because Abraham obeyed My word, and kept the keeping of My word, My commandments, My covenant, and My law.
PAL 26:5 on account that Abraham obeyed My word, and kept the keeping of My word, My statutes, My covenants, and My laws.

GENESIS 26:6
JPS 26:6 And Isaac dwelt in Gerar.
ONK 26:6 And Izhak dwelt at Gerar;
PAL 26:6 And Izhak dwelt in Gerar.

GENESIS 26:7
JPS 26:7 And the men of the place asked him of his wife; and he said: ‘She is my sister’; for he feared to say: ‘My wife’; ‘lest the men of the place should kill me for Rebekah, because she is fair to look upon.’
ONK 26:7 and the men of the place asked respecting his wife. And he said, She is my sister; for he feared to say, My wife, lest the men of the place should kill him on account of Revekah; for she was of beautiful aspect.
PAL 26:7 And the men of the place inquired concerning his wife; and he said, She is my sister: for he reasoned in his heart, Lest the men of the place should kill me for Rivekah, because she was of beautiful appearance.

GENESIS 26:8
JPS 26:8 And it came to pass, when he had been there a long time, that Abimelech king of the Philistines looked out at a window, and saw, and, behold, Isaac was sporting with Rebekah his wife.
ONK 26:8 And it was when he had been there many days that Abimelek the king of the Philistaee looked from a window, and, behold, Izhak was sporting with Revekah his wife.
PAL 26:8 And it was when days had increased to him in abiding there, that Abimelek the king of the Philistaee looked from a window, and beheld, and Izhak was disporting with Rivekah his wife.
JER 26:8 And he looked.

GENESIS 26:9
JPS 26:9 And Abimelech called Isaac, and said: ‘Behold, of a surety she is thy wife; and how saidst thou: She is my sister?’ And Isaac said unto him: ‘Because I said: Lest I die because of her.’
ONK 26:9 And Abimelek called Izhak and said, Nevertheless, behold, she is thy wife: why then hast thou said, She is my sister? And Izhak said to him, Because I said, Lest I be killed on account of her.
PAL 26:9 And Abimelek called Izhak, and said, Nevertheless she is thy wife; and why hast thou said, She is my sister? And Izhak answered him, Because I said in my heart, Lest they kill me on her account.

GENESIS 26:10
JPS 26:10 And Abimelech said: ‘What is this thou hast done unto us? one of the people might easily have lain with thy wife, and thou wouldest have brought guiltiness upon us.’
ONK 26:10 And Abimelek said, What is this that thou hast done to us? It might have been that some one of the people had lain with thy wife, and thou wouldst have brought upon us the guilt.
PAL 26:10 And Abimelek said, Why hast thou done this to us? It might have been that the king, who is the principal(66) of the people, had lain with thy wife, and thou wouldst have brought guilt upon us.
JER 26:10 And Abimelek said to him, What is this that thou hast done to us? Very possibly might one of the young men have lain with thy wife, and there would have been great guilt brought upon us.

GENESIS 26:11
JPS 26:11 And Abimelech charged all the people, saying: ‘He that toucheth this man or his wife shall surely be put to death.’
ONK 26:11 And Abimelek commanded all the people saying, Whoever injureth this man shall surely be put to death.
PAL 26:11 And Abimelek instructed all the people, Whoever shall go near to injure this man or his wife, shall verily be put to death.

GENESIS 26:12
JPS 26:12 And Isaac sowed in that land, and found in the same year a hundred-fold; and the LORD blessed him.
ONK 26:12 And Izhak sowed in the land, and found in that year a hundred fold on that which he had expended, (or estimated,) and the Lord blessed him;
PAL 26:12 And Izhak sowed unto righteousness in that land, and found in that year a hundred for one, according to his measure. And the Lord blessed him,

GENESIS 26:13
JPS 26:13 And the man waxed great, and grew more and more until he became very great.
ONK 26:13 and the man increased, and went on multiplying and increasing, until he had increased greatly.
PAL 26:13 and the man increased, and went forward increasing until he was very great.

GENESIS 26:14
JPS 26:14 And he had possessions of flocks, and possessions of herds, and a great household; and the Philistines envied him.
ONK 26:14 And he had flocks of sheep, and herds of cattle, and many servants; and the Philistaee were envious of him.
PAL 26:14 And he had flocks of sheep, and herds of cattle, and great cultivation; and the Philistaee envied him.

GENESIS 26:15
JPS 26:15 Now all the wells which his father’s servants had digged in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistines had stopped them, and filled them with earth.
ONK 26:15 And all the wells that the servants of his father had digged in the days of Abraham the Philistaee stopped up, and filled with dust.
PAL 26:15 And all the wells which the servants of his father had digged in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistaee stopped up and filled with earth.

GENESIS 26:16
JPS 26:16 And Abimelech said unto Isaac: ‘Go from us; for thou art much mightier than we.’
ONK 26:16 And Abimelek said to Izhak, Go from us; for thou art much stronger than we.
PAL 26:16 And Abimelek said to Izhak, Go from us; for thou art stronger than we in riches very much.

GENESIS 26:17
JPS 26:17 And Isaac departed thence, and encamped in the valley of Gerar, and dwelt there.
ONK 26:17 And Izhak went thence, and sojourned in the vale of Gerar, and dwelt there.
PAL 26:17 And Izhak went thence, and sojourned in the vale of Gerar, and dwelt there.

GENESIS 26:18
JPS 26:18 And Isaac digged again the wells of water, which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father; for the Philistines had stopped them after the death of Abraham; and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them.
ONK 26:18 And Izhak returned, and digged the well of water which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father, and which the Philistaee had stopped after the death of Abraham; and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them.
PAL 26:18 And Izhak digged again the wells of water which the servants of his father had digged in the days of Abraham his father, and which the Philistaee had stopped after Abraham was dead; and he called them by the names his father had called them.

GENESIS 26:19
JPS 26:19 And Isaac’s servants digged in the valley, and found there a well of living water.
ONK 26:19 And the servants of Izhak digged in the valley, and found there a well of flowing(119) waters.
PAL 26:19 And the servants of Izhak digged in the border of the vale, and found there a well of flowing water.

GENESIS 26:20
JPS 26:20 And the herdmen of Gerar strove with Isaac’s herdmen, saying: ‘The water is ours.’ And he called the name of the well Esek; because they contended with him.
ONK 26:20 And the shepherds of Gerar strove with the shepherds of Izhak, saying, The water is ours; and he called the name of the well Contention, because they had contended with him.
PAL 26:20 And the shepherds of Gerar contended with Izhak’s shepherds, saying, The water is ours. And it was the will of Heaven, and it dried. But when they returned to Izhak, it flowed. And he called the name of the well (Esek) Contention, because (etheseku) they had quarrelled with him on account of it.

GENESIS 26:21
JPS 26:21 And they digged another well, and they strove for that also. And he called the name of it Sitnah.
ONK 26:21 And they digged another well, and they strove also on account of it, and he called the name of it Hatred.
PAL 26:21 And they digged another well; and they contended for it also; and it dried, and did not flow again. And he called the name of it (Sitnah) Accusation.

GENESIS 26:22
JPS 26:22 And he removed from thence, and digged another well; and for that they strove not. And he called the name of it Rehoboth; and he said: ‘For now the LORD hath made room for us, and we shall be fruitful in the land.’
ONK 26:22 And he went up from thence, and digged another well; and for that they strove not: and he called the name of it Spaciousness. For he said, Because now hath the Lord enlarged us, and we shall spread abroad in the land.
PAL 26:22 And he removed from thence and digged another well, and for that they did not contend as formerly, and he called the name of it (Ravchatha) Spaciousness; for he said, Now hath the Lord given us space to spread us abroad in the land.

GENESIS 26:23
JPS 26:23 And he went up from thence to Beer-sheba.
ONK 26:23 And he went up from thence to Beershava;
PAL 26:23 And he went up from thence unto Beersheba.

GENESIS 26:24
JPS 26:24 And the LORD appeared unto him the same night, and said: ‘I am the God of Abraham thy father. Fear not, for I am with thee, and will bless thee, and multiply thy seed for My servant Abraham’s sake.’
ONK 26:24 and the Lord appeared to him in the night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father; fear not: for in thy help is My Word; and I will bless thee, and will multiply thy sons for the sake of Abraham My servant.
PAL 26:24 And the Lord appeared to him that night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fear not; for My Word is for thy help, and I will bless thee, and multiply thy sons for the righteousness’ sake of Abraham My servant.

GENESIS 26:25
JPS 26:25 And he builded an altar there, and called upon the name of the LORD, and pitched his tent there; and there Isaac’s servants digged a well.
ONK 26:25 And he builded there an altar, and prayed in the name of the Lord. And he spread there his tabernacle; and the servants of Izhak digged there a well.
PAL 26:25 And he builded there an altar, and prayed in the name of the Lord. And he spread his tabernacle there, and the servants of Izhak digged there a well. And when Izhak went forth from Gerar the wells dried up, and the trees made no fruit; and they felt that it was because they had driven him away, all these things had befallen them.

GENESIS 26:26
JPS 26:26 Then Abimelech went to him from Gerar, and Ahuzzath his friend, and Phicol the captain of his host.
ONK 26:26 And Abimelek came to him from Gerar, and a company of his friends, and Phikol(120) the chief of his host.
PAL 26:26 And Abimelek went to him from Gerar, and took his friends to go with him, and Phikol the chief of his host.

GENESIS 26:27
JPS 26:27 And Isaac said unto them: ‘Wherefore are ye come unto me, seeing ye hate me, and have sent me away from you?’
ONK 26:27 And Izhak said to him, “Why have you come to me, when you have hated me, and sent me from you?
PAL 26:27 And Izhak said to them, Why come you to me that I should pray for you, when you have hated me, and driven me from you?

GENESIS 26:28
JPS 26:28 And they said: ‘We saw plainly that the LORD was with thee; and we said: Let there now be an oath betwixt us, even betwixt us and thee, and let us make a covenant with thee;
ONK 26:28 And they said, Seeing we have seen that the Word of the Lord is for thy help; and we have said, Let the oath which was between our fathers be now confirmed between us and thee, and let us enter into a covenant with thee,
PAL 26:28 And they answered, Seeing, we have seen, that the Word of the Lord is for thy help, and for thy righteousness’ sake all good hath been to us; but when thou wentest forth from our land the wells dried up, and our trees made no fruit; then we said, We will cause him to return to us. And now let there be an oath established between us, and kindnesses between us and thee, and we will enter into a covenant with thee, lest thou do us evil.

GENESIS 26:29
JPS 26:29 that thou wilt do us no hurt, as we have not touched thee, and as we have done unto thee nothing but good, and have sent thee away in peace; thou art now the blessed of the LORD.’
ONK 26:29 that thou do us no evil, as we have not injured thee, and as we have done thee only good, and we will leave thee in peace; thou art now blessed of the Lord.
PAL 26:29 Forasmuch as we have not come nigh thee for evil, and as we have acted with thee only for good, and have indeed sent thee away in peace; thou art now blessed of the Lord.

GENESIS 26:30
JPS 26:30 And he made them a feast, and they did eat and drink.
ONK 26:30 And he made them a feast, and they ate and drank.
PAL 26:30

GENESIS 26:31
JPS 26:31 And they rose up betimes in the morning, and swore one to another; and Isaac sent them away, and they departed from him in peace.
ONK 26:31 And they arose in the morning and covenanted, each man with his brother; and Izhak dismissed them, and they went from him in peace.
PAL 26:31 And they arose in the morning, each man with his brother; and he broke off from the bridle of his ass, and gave one part to them for a testimony. And Izhak prayed for them, and they were enlarged. And Izhak accompanied them, and they went from him in peace.

GENESIS 26:32
JPS 26:32 And it came to pass the same day, that Isaac’s servants came, and told him concerning the well which they had digged, and said unto him: ‘We have found water.’
ONK 26:32 And it was in that day that the servants of Izhak came and showed him concerning the well that they had digged. And they said to him, We have found water.
PAL 26:32 And on that day the servants of Izhak came and told him concerning the well they had digged, and said to him, We have found water;

GENESIS 26:33
JPS 26:33 And he called it Shibah. Therefore the name of the city is Beer-sheba unto this day.
ONK 26:33 And he called it Sheva, (the swearing). Wherefore the name of the city is Beer-sheva unto this day.
PAL 26:33 and he called it Sheba (the Swearing); therefore the name of the city is Beersheba unto this day.

GENESIS 26:34
JPS 26:34 And when Esau was forty years old, he took to wife Judith the daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath the daughter of Elon the Hittite.
ONK 26:34 And Esau was the son of forty years, and he took to wife Jehudith, daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath, daughter of Elon the Hittite;
PAL 26:34 And Esau was the son of forty years; and he took to wife Yehudith daughter of Beari the Hittah, and Basemath daughter of Elon the Hittah.

GENESIS 26:35
JPS 26:35 And they were a bitterness of spirit unto Isaac and to Rebekah.
ONK 26:35 and they were rebels and irritators against the word of Izhak and Revekah.
PAL 26:35 And they bowed in strange worship, and set themselves to rebel in their evil conduct against Izhak and against Rivekah.
JER 26:35 And they were refractory, swelling in spirit with strange worship, and would not receive instruction either from Izhak or Rivekah.

SECTION VI.

TOLEDOTH.

19 And these are the generations of Izhak bar Abraham. Abraham begat Izhak; 20 and Izhak was a son of forty years when he took Revekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramite of Padan Aram, the sister of Laban the Aramite, to be his wife. 21 And Izhak prayed before the Lord for his wife, because she was barren; and the Lord hearkened to his prayer, and Revekah his wife conceived. 22 And the children struggled in her womb; and she said, If thus, why have I conceived? And she went to seek instruction before the Lord: 23 and the Lord said to her, Two nations are in thy womb, and two kingdoms from thy womb shall be divided, and (one) kingdom (shall be) stronger than (the other) kingdom, and the greater shall be subject to the less. 24 And her days were fulfilled to give birth. And, behold, twins were in her womb. 25 And the first came forth red, all of him as a garment (covering) of hair; and they called his name Esau. 26 And afterwards came forth his brother, and his hand grasped the heel of Esau, and they called his name Jakob.(114) And Izhak was sixty years old when he begat them. 27 And the youths grew; and Esau was a man of idleness, a man going out into the field; and Jakob was a man of peace, a minister of the house of instruction. 28 And Izhak loved Esau, because he ate of his hunting, and Rivekah loved Jakob. 29 And Jakob dressed pottage, and Esau came from the field, and he was faint. 30 And Esau said to Jakob, Let me taste now of that red, that red! for I am faint (therefore he called his name Edom(115)): 31 and Jakob said, Sell this day thy birthright to me. 32 And Esau said, Behold, I am going to die, and what is this birthright to me?(116) 33 And Jakob said, Swear to me to-day; and he sware to him and he sold his birthright to Jakob. 34 And Jakob gave to Esau bread and pottage of lentiles. And he ate and drank, and arose, and went: and Esau despised the birthright.

GENESIS 26 (ONKELOS) — 1 And there was a famine in the land, besides the former famine that was in the days of Abraham; and Izhak went to Abimelek, king of the Philistaee, to Grerar.(117) 2 And the Lord appeared to him and said, Go not down into Mizraim,(118) remain in the land as I have told thee; 3 dwell in this land, and My Word shall be to thee for a helper; and I will bless thee. For to thee and to thy son will I give all these lands; and I will confirm the oath that I have sworn to Abraham thy father; 4 and I will multiply thy son as the stars of heaven, and will give thy son all these lands, and through thy son shall all the peoples of the earth be blessed, 5 because Abraham obeyed My word, and kept the keeping of My word, My commandments, My covenant, and My law. 6 And Izhak dwelt at Gerar; 7 and the men of the place asked respecting his wife. And he said, She is my sister; for he feared to say, My wife, lest the men of the place should kill him on account of Revekah; for she was of beautiful aspect. 8 And it was when he had been there many days that Abimelek the king of the Philistaee looked from a window, and, behold, Izhak was sporting with Revekah his wife. 9 And Abimelek called Izhak and said, Nevertheless, behold, she is thy wife: why then hast thou said, She is my sister? And Izhak said to him, Because I said, Lest I be killed on account of her. 10 And Abimelek said, What is this that thou hast done to us? It might have been that some one of the people had lain with thy wife, and thou wouldst have brought upon us the guilt. 11 And Abimelek commanded all the people saying, Whoever injureth this man shall surely be put to death. 12 And Izhak sowed in the land, and found in that year a hundred fold on that which he had expended, (or estimated,) and the Lord blessed him; 13 and the man increased, and went on multiplying and increasing, until he had increased greatly. 14 And he had flocks of sheep, and herds of cattle, and many servants; and the Philistaee were envious of him. 15 And all the wells that the servants of his father had digged in the days of Abraham the Philistaee stopped up, and filled with dust. 16 And Abimelek said to Izhak, Go from us; for thou art much stronger than we. 17 And Izhak went thence, and sojourned in the vale of Gerar, and dwelt there. 18 And Izhak returned, and digged the well of water which they had digged in the days of Abraham his father, and which the Philistaee had stopped after the death of Abraham; and he called their names after the names by which his father had called them. 19 And the servants of Izhak digged in the valley, and found there a well of flowing(119) waters. 20 And the shepherds of Gerar strove with the shepherds of Izhak, saying, The water is ours; and he called the name of the well Contention, because they had contended with him. 21 And they digged another well, and they strove also on account of it, and he called the name of it Hatred. 22 And he went up from thence, and digged another well; and for that they strove not: and he called the name of it Spaciousness. For he said, Because now hath the Lord enlarged us, and we shall spread abroad in the land. 23 And he went up from thence to Beershava; 24 and the Lord appeared to him in the night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father; fear not: for in thy help is My Word; and I will bless thee, and will multiply thy sons for the sake of Abraham My servant. 25 And he builded there an altar, and prayed in the name of the Lord. And he spread there his tabernacle; and the servants of Izhak digged there a well. 26 And Abimelek came to him from Gerar, and a company of his friends, and Phikol(120) the chief of his host. 27 And Izhak said to him, “Why have you come to me, when you have hated me, and sent me from you? 28 And they said, Seeing we have seen that the Word of the Lord is for thy help; and we have said, Let the oath which was between our fathers be now confirmed between us and thee, and let us enter into a covenant with thee, 29 that thou do us no evil, as we have not injured thee, and as we have done thee only good, and we will leave thee in peace; thou art now blessed of the Lord. 30 And he made them a feast, and they ate and drank. 31 And they arose in the morning and covenanted, each man with his brother; and Izhak dismissed them, and they went from him in peace. 32 And it was in that day that the servants of Izhak came and showed him concerning the well that they had digged. And they said to him, We have found water. 33 And he called it Sheva, (the swearing). Wherefore the name of the city is Beer-sheva unto this day.

34 And Esau was the son of forty years, and he took to wife Jehudith, daughter of Beeri the Hittite, and Basemath, daughter of Elon the Hittite; 35 and they were rebels and irritators against the word of Izhak and Revekah.

GENESIS 27 (ONKELOS) — 1 And it was, when Izhak was old, and his eyes were darkened from seeing, that he called Esau, his eldest son, and said to him, My son. And he said to him, Behold, I am. 2 And he said, Behold now, I am old, I know not the day that I shall die: 3 and now take thy weapons, thy knife and thy bow, and go out into the field, and hunt me venison, 4 and make me food(121) such as I like, and bring it to me, and I will eat, and my soul shall bless thee before I die. 5 And Revekah listened as Izhak was speaking with his son Esau. And Esau went into the field to hunt venison to bring it. 6 And Revekah spake to Jakob, her son, saying, Behold, I have heard thy father speaking with Esau thy brother, saying, 7 Bring me now venison, and make me food, and I will eat and bless thee in the presence of the Lord before I die. 8 And now, my son, obey me in what I command thee. 9 Go now to the flock, and take thee from thence two good goat-kids, and make them into food for thy father such as he loves, 10 and carry in to thy father, that he may eat, and bless thee before he die. 11 And Jakob said to Revekah his mother, Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man. 12 It may be that my father will feel me, and I shall be in his eyes as a deceiver, and shall bring upon me curses, and not blessings. 13 And his mother said to him, Unto me it hath been said in prophecy, that there shall be no curses upon thee, my son; only obey me, and go, and take for me. 14 And he went, and took, and brought to his mother, and his mother made food such as his father loved. 15 And Revekah took the vestments of Esau her elder son, (which were) clean, and were with her in the house, and clothed Jakob her younger son. 16 And with the skins of the kids she covered his hands, and upon the smoothness of his neck. 17 And she gave the food and the bread that she had made into the hand of Jakob her son. 18 And he went in to his father, and said, Father! And he said, Behold me. Who art thou, my son? 19 And Jakob said to his father, I am Esau, thy firstborn: I have done as thou hast told me. Arise now, turn thyself, and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. 20 And Izhak said to his son, What is this, thou hast so quickly found, my son? And he said, Because the Lord thy God prepared it before me. 21 And Izhak said to Jakob, Draw near now, and I will feel thee, my son, whether thou be my son Esau or not. 22 And Jakob drew near to Izhak his father, and he felt him, and said, The voice is the voice of Jakob; but the hands are the hands of Esau. 23 And he could not be known, because his hands were hairy, like the hands of Esau his brother; and he blessed him. 24 And he said, But art thou my son Esau? And he said, I am! 25 And he said, Bring before me, and I will eat of my son’s venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he offered to him, and he did eat; and he brought him wine, and he drank. 26 And Izhak his father said to him, Approach now, and kiss me, my son. 27 And he approached, and kissed him, and he smelled the fragrance of his vestments, and blessed him, and said, Lo, the smell of my son is as the fragrance of a field which the Lord hath blessed. 28 And the Lord shall give thee of the dew of heaven, and of the goodness of the earth, and abundance of corn and of wine. 29 Let the peoples serve thee, and kingdoms be subservient to thee: be thou chief of thy brethren, and let the sons of thy mother worship thee: cursed shall they be who curse thee, and blessed shall they be who bless thee!

30 And it was when Izhak had completed to bless Jakob, and Jakob had, going, only gone out from Izhak his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. 31 And he had also made food, and he brought it to his father, and said to his father, Arise, my father, and eat of thy son’s venison, that thy soul may bless me. 32 And Izhak his father said to him, Who art thou? And he said, I am thy son, thy firstborn, Esau. 33 And Izhak was wonderstruck with exceeding great wonder, and said, Who was he who prepared venison, and brought it to me, and I have eaten of all before thou earnest, and I have blessed him? and blessed shall he be. 34 When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried a cry, great and bitter exceedingly. And he said to his father, Bless me, also, me, father! 35 And he said, Thy brother came with subtilty, and hath received thy blessing. 36 And he said, Rightly is his name called Jakob, he hath dealt subtilly with me these two times; my birthright he took, and, behold, now he hath received my blessing. And he said, Hast thou not left me a blessing? 37 And Izhak answered, and said to Esau, Behold, I have set him a chief over thee, and all his brethren I have given to him for servants, and with corn and wine have I sustained him: and for thee now what can I do, my son? 38 And Esau said to his father, Hast thou but one blessing, father? Bless me, me also, my father. And Esau lifted up his voice and wept. 39 And Izhak his father answered and said to him, Behold, thy habitation shall be of the best of the earth, and of the dew of heaven from above. 40 And by thy sword shalt thou live, and thy brother obey; and it will be that when his sons shall have transgressed the words of the law, thou wilt cast his yoke from off thy neck. 41 And Esau kept enmity towards Jakob for the blessing wherewith his father had blessed him. And Esau said in his heart, The days of mourning for father draw near, and I will kill Jakob my brother. 42 And the words of Esau her eldest son were shown to Revekah, and she sent and called Jakob her younger son, and said to him, Behold, Esau thy brother plotteth against thee, to kill thee. 43 And now, my son, receive from me, and arise and go to Laban my brother at Haran, 44 and dwell with him a few days, until thy brother’s wrath turn away, 45 until the anger of thy brother turn from thee, and what thou hast done to him be forgotten; and I will send and bring thee thence. Why should I be bereaved of both of you in one day? 46 And Revekah said to Izhak, I am grieved in my life at the sight of the daughters of Hittah. If Jakob take a wife of the daughters of Hittah, like these of the daughters of the land, what to me is life?

GENESIS 28 (ONKELOS) — 1 And Izhak called Jakob and blessed him. And he commanded him, and said to him, Thou shalt not take a wife from the daughters of Kenaan; 2 arise, go to Padan Aram to the house of Bethuel the father of thy mother, and take to thee from thence a wife of the daughters of Laban, the brother of thy mother. 3 And the All-sufficient God bless thee, and make thee to increase and multiply, and become an assemblage of tribes; 4 and give the blessing of Abraham to thee and thy sons with thee, that thou mayest inherit the land of thy habitation which the Lord gave to Abraham. 5 And Izhak sent Jakob away, and he went to Padan Aram to Laban bar Bethuel, the Aramite, the brother of Revekah, the mother of Jakob and Esau. 6 And Esau, when he saw that Izhak had blessed Jakob, and sent him to Padan Aram to take from thence a wife, and, as he blessed him, commanded him, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife from the daughters of Kenaan, 7 and that Jakob had obeyed his father and his mother, and had gone to Padan Aram, 8 Esau, considering that the daughters of Kenaan were evil in the eyes of Izhak his father, 9 went to Ishmael, and took Mahalath, daughter of Ishmael bar Abraham, the sister of Nebaioth, over his wives, unto him to wife.

SECTION VI.

TOLEDOTH.

19 These are the generations of Izhak bar Abraham. And because the appearance of Izhak resembled the appearance of Abraham, the sons of men said, In truth Abraham begat Izhak. 20 And Izhak was the son of forty years when he took Rivekah, the daughter of Bethuel the Aramite, who was of Padan Aram, the sister of Laban the Aramite, unto him for a wife. 21 And Izhak went to the mountain of worship, the place where his father had bound him. And Izhak in his prayer turned the attention of the Holy One, blessed be He! from that which He had decreed respecting his wife, because she had been barren twenty and two years; and changed also was the intention of the Holy One, blessed be He! from that which He had decreed concerning him who had been childless. And he was enlarged, and Rivekah his wife was with child. 22 And the children pressed in her womb as men doing battle. And she said, If this is the anguish of a mother, what then are children to me? And she went into the school of Shem Rabba to supplicate mercy before the Lord. [Jerusalem. 22 And the children pressed in her womb, and she said, If such be the anguish of a mother, what now is life, that children are to be mine? And she went to supplicate mercy before the Lord in the beth midrash of Shem Rabba.] 23 And the Lord said to her, Two peoples are in thy womb, and two kingdoms from thy womb shall be separated; and one kingdom shall be stronger than the other, and the elder shall serve the younger, if the children of the younger will keep the commandments of the Law.

24 And the two hundred and seventy days of her being with child were completed to bring forth; and, behold, twins were in her womb. 25 And the first came forth wholly red, as a garment of hair: and they called his name Esau,(62) because he was born altogether complete, with the hair of the head, and the beard, and teeth, and grinders. [Jerusalem. 25 And the first came forth wholly red, as a garment of hair: and they called his name Esau.] 26 Afterward came forth his brother, and his hand had hold on the heel of Esau. And they called his name Jakob (Yaakov).(63) And Izhak was a son of sixty years when he begat them.

27 And the lads grew; and Esau was a man of idleness(64) to catch birds and beasts, a man going forth into the field to kill lives, as Nimrod had killed, and Hanok his son. But Jakob was a man peaceful in his works, a minister of the instruction-house of Eber, seeking instruction before the Lord. 28 And Izhak loved Esau, for words of deceit were in his mouth; but Rivekah loved Jakob.

29 On the day that Abraham died, Jakob dressed pottage of lentiles, and was going to comfort his father. And Esau came from the wilderness, exhausted; for in that day he had committed five transgressions: he had worshipped with strange worship, he had shed innocent blood, he had gone in unto a betrothed damsel, he had denied the life of the world to come, and had despised the birthright. 30 And Esau said to Jakob, Let me now taste that red pottage, for I am faint,—therefore he called his name Edom.(65) 31 And Jakob said, Sell to-day, as (on this very) day, what thou wouldst hereafter appropriate, thy birthright, unto me. 32 And Esau said, Behold, I am going to die, and in another world I shall have no life; and what then to me is the birthright, or the portion in the world of which thou speakest? 33 And Jakob said, Swear to me to-day that so it shall be. And he sware to him, and sold his birthright to Jakob. 34 And Jakob gave to Esau bread and pottage of lentiles. And he ate and drank, and arose and went. And Esau scorned the birthright, and the portion of the world that cometh. [Jerusalem. 34 And he arose, and went. And Esau despised the birthright, and vilified the portion in the world that cometh, and denied the resurrection of the dead.]

GENESIS 26 (PAL) — 1 And there was a mighty famine in the land of Kenaan, besides the former famine which had been in the days of Abraham; and Izhak went to Abimelek king of the Philistaee at Gerar. 2 It had been in Izhak’s heart to go down to Mizraim; but the Lord appeared to him, and said, Go not down to Mizraim; dwell in the land as I have told thee; 3 sojourn in the land, and My Word shall be for thy help, and I will bless thee; for to the end to thy sons will I give all these lands, and I will establish the covenant which I have covenanted with Abraham thy father. 4 And I will multiply thy sons as the stars of the heavens, and will give to thy sons all these lands, and through thy sons shall all the nations of the earth be blessed; 5 on account that Abraham obeyed My word, and kept the keeping of My word, My statutes, My covenants, and My laws. 6 And Izhak dwelt in Gerar. 7 And the men of the place inquired concerning his wife; and he said, She is my sister: for he reasoned in his heart, Lest the men of the place should kill me for Rivekah, because she was of beautiful appearance. 8 And it was when days had increased to him in abiding there, that Abimelek the king of the Philistaee looked from a window, and beheld, and Izhak was disporting with Rivekah his wife. [Jerusalem. 8 And he looked.] 9 And Abimelek called Izhak, and said, Nevertheless she is thy wife; and why hast thou said, She is my sister? And Izhak answered him, Because I said in my heart, Lest they kill me on her account. 10 And Abimelek said, Why hast thou done this to us? It might have been that the king, who is the principal(66) of the people, had lain with thy wife, and thou wouldst have brought guilt upon us. [Jerusalem. 10 And Abimelek said to him, What is this that thou hast done to us? Very possibly might one of the young men have lain with thy wife, and there would have been great guilt brought upon us.]

11 And Abimelek instructed all the people, Whoever shall go near to injure this man or his wife, shall verily be put to death. 12 And Izhak sowed unto righteousness in that land, and found in that year a hundred for one, according to his measure. And the Lord blessed him, 13 and the man increased, and went forward increasing until he was very great. 14 And he had flocks of sheep, and herds of cattle, and great cultivation; and the Philistaee envied him. 15 And all the wells which the servants of his father had digged in the days of Abraham his father, the Philistaee stopped up and filled with earth.

16 And Abimelek said to Izhak, Go from us; for thou art stronger than we in riches very much. 17 And Izhak went thence, and sojourned in the vale of Gerar, and dwelt there. 18 And Izhak digged again the wells of water which the servants of his father had digged in the days of Abraham his father, and which the Philistaee had stopped after Abraham was dead; and he called them by the names his father had called them. 19 And the servants of Izhak digged in the border of the vale, and found there a well of flowing water. 20 And the shepherds of Gerar contended with Izhak’s shepherds, saying, The water is ours. And it was the will of Heaven, and it dried. But when they returned to Izhak, it flowed. And he called the name of the well (Esek) Contention, because (etheseku) they had quarrelled with him on account of it. 21 And they digged another well; and they contended for it also; and it dried, and did not flow again. And he called the name of it (Sitnah) Accusation. 22 And he removed from thence and digged another well, and for that they did not contend as formerly, and he called the name of it (Ravchatha) Spaciousness; for he said, Now hath the Lord given us space to spread us abroad in the land. 23 And he went up from thence unto Beersheba. 24 And the Lord appeared to him that night, and said, I am the God of Abraham thy father: fear not; for My Word is for thy help, and I will bless thee, and multiply thy sons for the righteousness’ sake of Abraham My servant. 25 And he builded there an altar, and prayed in the name of the Lord. And he spread his tabernacle there, and the servants of Izhak digged there a well. And when Izhak went forth from Gerar the wells dried up, and the trees made no fruit; and they felt that it was because they had driven him away, all these things had befallen them. 26 And Abimelek went to him from Gerar, and took his friends to go with him, and Phikol the chief of his host. 27 And Izhak said to them, Why come you to me that I should pray for you, when you have hated me, and driven me from you? 28 And they answered, Seeing, we have seen, that the Word of the Lord is for thy help, and for thy righteousness’ sake all good hath been to us; but when thou wentest forth from our land the wells dried up, and our trees made no fruit; then we said, We will cause him to return to us. And now let there be an oath established between us, and kindnesses between us and thee, and we will enter into a covenant with thee, lest thou do us evil. 29 Forasmuch as we have not come nigh thee for evil, and as we have acted with thee only for good, and have indeed sent thee away in peace; thou art now blessed of the Lord. 31 And they arose in the morning, each man with his brother; and he broke off from the bridle of his ass, and gave one part to them for a testimony. And Izhak prayed for them, and they were enlarged. And Izhak accompanied them, and they went from him in peace.

32 And on that day the servants of Izhak came and told him concerning the well they had digged, and said to him, We have found water; 33 and he called it Sheba (the Swearing); therefore the name of the city is Beersheba unto this day.

34 And Esau was the son of forty years; and he took to wife Yehudith daughter of Beari the Hittah, and Basemath daughter of Elon the Hittah. 35 And they bowed in strange worship, and set themselves to rebel in their evil conduct against Izhak and against Rivekah. [Jerusalem. 35 And they were refractory, swelling in spirit with strange worship, and would not receive instruction either from Izhak or Rivekah.]

GENESIS 27 (PAL) — 1 And it was when Izhak was old and his eyes were darkened from seeing,—because when his father was binding him he had seen the Throne of Glory, and from that time his eyes had begun to darken,—that he called Esau his elder son, on the fourteenth of Nisan, and said to him, My son, behold, this night they on high praise the Lord of the world, and the treasures of the dew are opened in it. And he said, Behold, I am.

2 And he said, Behold, now I am old; I know not the day of my death: 3 but now take thy weapons,(67) thy quiver(68) and thy bow; and go forth into the field, and take me venison, 4 and make me food such as I love, and bring to me, and I will eat, that my soul may bless thee ere I die.

5 And Rivekah heard by the Holy Spirit as Izhak spake with Esau his son. And Esau went to the field to take venison to bring it. 6 And Rivekah spake to Jakob her son, saying, Behold, this night those on high praise the Lord of the world, and the treasures of the dew are opened in it; and I have heard thy father speaking with Esau thy brother, saying, 7 Bring me venison, and make me food, and I will bless thee in the presence of the Lord before I die. 8 And now my son receive from me what I command thee: 9 Go now to the house of the flock, and take me from thence two fat kids of the goats; one for the pascha, and one for the oblation of the feast; and I will make of them food for thy father such as he loveth. 10 And thou shalt carry to thy father, and he will eat, that he may bless thee before his death.

11 And because Jakob was afraid to sin, fearing lest his father might curse him, he said, Behold, Esau my brother is a hairy man, and I am a smooth man. 12 Perhaps my father will feel me, and I shall be in his eyes like one who derideth him, and bring upon me a curse and not a blessing.

13 And she said, If with blessings he bless thee, they shall be upon thee and upon thy sons; and if with curses he should curse thee, they shall be upon me and upon my soul: therefore receive from me, and go and take for me.

14 And he went and took, and brought to his mother; and his mother made food such as his father loved. 15 And Rivekah took the pleasant vestments of Esau her elder son which had formerly been Adam’s; but which that day Esau had not worn, but they remained with her in the house, and (with them) she dressed Jakob her younger son. 16 And the skins of the kids she laid upon his hands and the smooth parts of his neck. 17 And the food and the bread she had made she set in the hand of Jakob her son.

18 And he entered unto his father, and said, My father. And he said, Behold me: who art thou, my son? 19 And Jacob said to his father, I am Esau thy firstborn: I have done as thou spakest with me. Arise now, sit(69) and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me. 20 And Izhak said to his son, What is this that thou hast found so soon, my son? And he said, Because the Lord thy God had prepared it before me. 21 And Izhak said to Jakob, Come near now, and I will feel thee, my son, whether thou be my son Esau or not. 22 And Jakob drew near to Izhak his father, who touched him, and said, This voice is the voice of Jakob, nevertheless the feeling of the hands is as the feeling of the hands of Esau. [Jerusalem. 22 The feeling of his hands, the feeling of the hands of Esau.] 23 But he recognised him not, because his hands were hairy as the hands of Esau his brother, and he blessed him. 24 And he said, But art thou my son Esau? And he said, I am. 25 And he said, Draw near, and I will eat of my son’s venison, that my soul may bless thee. And he approached him, and he ate; and he had no wine; but an angel prepared it for him, from the wine which had been kept in its grapes from the days of the beginning of the world; and he gave it into Jakob’s hand, and Jakob brought it to his father, and he drank. 26 And Izhak his father said, Draw near now, and kiss me, my son; 27 and Jakob drew near and kissed him. And he smelled the smell of his vestments, and blessed him, and said, See, the smell of my son is as the smell of the fragrant incense which is to be offered on the mountain of the house of the sanctuary, which shall be called a field which the Lord hath blessed, and that He hath chosen, that therein His Shekinah might dwell.

28 Therefore the Word of the Lord give thee of the good dews which descend from the heavens, and of the good fountains that spring up, and make the herbage of the earth to grow from beneath, and plenty of provision and wine. 29 Let peoples be subject to thee, all the sons of Esau, and kingdoms bend before thee, all the sons of Keturah; a chief and a ruler be thou over thy brethren, and let the sons of thy mother salute thee. Let them who curse thee, my son, be accursed as Bileam bar Beor; and them who bless thee be blessed as Mosheh the prophet, the scribe of Israel. [Jerusalem. 29 Let peoples serve before thee, all the sons of Esau: all kings be subject to thee, all the sons of Ishmael: be thou a chief and a ruler over the sons of Keturah: all the sons of Laban the brother of thy mother shall come before thee and salute thee. Whoso curseth thee, Jakob, my son, shall be accursed as Bileam ben Beor; and whoso blesseth thee shall be blessed as Mosheh the prophet and scribe of Israel.]

30 And it was when Izhak had finished blessing Jakob, and Jakob had only gone out about two handbreadths from Izhak his father, that Esau his brother came in from his hunting. And the Word of the Lord had impeded him from taking clean venison; but he had found a certain dog,(70) and killed him, 31 and made food of him, and brought to his father, and said to his father, Arise, my father, and eat of my venison, that thy soul may bless me.

32 And Izhak his father said to him, Who art thou? And he said, I am thy firstborn, Esau. 33 And Izhak was moved with great agitation when he heard the voice of Esau, and the smell of his food rose in his nostrils as the smell of the burning of Gehennam; and he said, Who is he who hath got venison, and come to me, and I have eaten of all which he brought me before thou earnest, and I have blessed him, and he shall, too, be blessed?

34 When Esau heard the words of his father, he cried with a cry exceeding great and bitter, and said to his father, Bless me, me also, my father! 35 And he said, Thy brother hath come with subtilty, and hath received from me thy blessing. 36 And he said, His name is truly called Jakob; for he hath dealt treacherously with me these two times: my birthright he took, and, behold, now he hath received my blessing! And he said, Hast thou not reserved a blessing for me? 37 And Izhak answered and said to Esau, Behold, I have appointed him a ruler over thee, and all his brethren have I made to be his servants, and with provision and wine have I sustained him: and now go, leave me; for what can I do for thee, my son? 38 And Esau answered his father, Hast thou but one blessing, my father? Bless me, me also, my father. And Esau lifted up his voice and wept.

39 And Izhak answered and said to Esau, Behold, among the good fruits of the earth shall be thy habitation, and with the dews of the heavens from above. 40 And upon thy sword shalt thou depend, entering at every place: yet thou shalt be supple and credulous, and be in subjection to thy brother; but it will be that when his sons become evil, and fall from keeping the commandments of the law, thou shalt break his yoke of servitude from off thy neck. [Jerusalem. 40 And by thy weapons thou shalt live, and before thy brother be subject. And it shall be when the sons of Jakob labour in the law, and keep the commandments, they will set the yoke of subjection on thy neck; but when the sons of Jakob withdraw themselves and study not the law, nor keep the commandments, behold, then shalt thou break their yoke of subjection from off thy neck.]

41 And Esau kept hatred in his heart against Jakob his brother, on account of the order of blessing with which his father had blessed him. And Esau said in his heart, I will not do as Kain did, who slew Habel in the life (time) of his father, for which his father begat Sheth, but will wait till the time when the days of mourning for the death of my father come, and then will I kill Jakob my brother, and will be found the killer and the heir.

42 And the words of Esau her elder son, who thought in his heart to kill Jakob, were shown by the Holy Spirit to Rivekah, and she sent, and called Jakob her younger son, and said to him, Behold, Esau thy brother lieth in wait for thee, and plotteth against thee to kill thee. 43 And now, my son, hearken to me: arise, escape for thy life, and go unto Laban my brother, at Haran, 44 and dwell with him a few days, until the wrath of thy brother be abated, 45 until thy brother’s anger have quieted from thee, and he have forgotten what thou hast done to him; and I will send and take thee from thence. Why should I be bereaved of you both in one day: thou being slain, and he driven forth, as Hava was bereaved of Habel, whom Kain slew, and both were removed from before Adam and Hava all the days of the life of Adam and Hava? [Jerusalem. 45 Until the time when the bitterness of thy brother shall be turned away from thee.]

46 And Rivekah said to Izhak, I am afflicted in my life on account of the indignity of the daughters of Heth. If Jakob take a wicked wife from the daughters of Heth, such as these of the daughters of the people of the land, what will life be to me?

GENESIS 28 (PAL) — 1 And Izhak called Jakob, and blessed him, and commanded him, and said to him, Thou shalt not take a wife from the daughters of the Kenaanaee. 2 Arise, go to Padan of Aram, to the house of Bethuel thy mother’s father, and take thee from thence a wife from the daughters of Laban thy mother’s brother. 3 And El Shadai will bless thee with many possessions, and increase thee and multiply thee into twelve tribes, and thou shalt be worthy of the congregation of the sons of the Sanhedrin, the sum of which is seventy, according to the number of the nations. 4 And He will give the blessing of Abraham to thee, and to thy sons with thee, and cause thee to inherit the land of thy sojourning, which he gave unto Abraham. 5 And Izhak sent Jakob away, and he went to Padan Aram unto Laban bar Bethuel the Aramite, the brother of Rivekah the mother of Jakob and Esau.

6 And Esau considered that Izhak had blessed Jakob, and had sent him to Padan Aram to take to him from thence a wife, when he blessed him, and commanded him, saying, Thou shalt not take a wife of the daughters of the Kenaanites; 7 and that Jakob obeyed the word of his father, and the word of his mother, and was gone to Padan Aram: 8 and Esau considered that the daughters of Kenaan were evil before Izhak his father, 9 and Esau went unto Ishmael, and took to wife Mahalath, who is Basemath the daughter of Ishmael bar Abraham, the sister of Nebaioth from his mother, besides his other wives.