1st Century Assembly of Jerusalem

Act 2:36 “Let all the house of Yisroel, therefore, know certainly that Allaha has made him both MarYah and Meshikha, this Eashoa whom you crucified.” Act 2:37 Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and said to Kipha and the rest of the apostles, “Brothers, what shall we do?” Act 2:38 Kipha said to them, “Repent and be baptized, every one of you, in the name of Eashoa Meshikha for the forgiveness of your sins, and you will receive the gift of the Set Apart Rukha d’ Qudsha. Act 2:39 For to you is the promise, and to your children, and to all who are far off, even as many as the Lord our Allaha will call to himself.” Act 2:40 With many other words he testified, and exhorted them, saying, “Save yourselves from this crooked generation. Act 2:41 Then those who received his word were baptized. There were added that day about three thousand souls. Act 2:42 They continued steadfastly in the apostles’ teaching and fellowship, in the breaking of bread, and prayer. Act 2:43 Fear came on every soul, and many wonders and signs were done through the apostles. Act 2:44 All who believed were together and had all things in common. Act 2:45 They sold their possessions and goods, and distributed them to all, according to as anyone had a need. Act 2:46 Day by day, continuing steadfastly with one accord in the temple, and breaking bread at home, they took their food with gladness and singleness of heart, Act 2:47 praising Allah, and having favor with all the people. The Lord added to their number day by day those who were being saved.

 1st Century Assembly of Jerusalem

Bishops’ list

Jacob (A.D. 62/6) AKA James brother of  Isho (Eesho) Aramaic name of Jesus

Simeon (A.D. 106/7)

Iustus / Iudas (A.D. 107-113)

Zacchaeus / Zacharias




Mathias / Matthew (A.D. 120)

Philip (A.D. 124)


Shabbat Shuva / שבת שובה

Aseret Yemei Teshuva

Shabbat Shuvah (“Sabbath [of] Return” שבת שובה) refers to the Shabbat that occurs during the Ten Days of Repentance between Rosh Hashanah and Yom Kippur. Only one Shabbat can occur between these dates. This Shabbat is named after the first word of the Haftarah

(2:3) Say ye unto your achim, Ami (My people); and to your achayot, Ruchamah (Pitied).

(2:4) Plead with immechem (your mother), plead; for she is not my isha (wife), neither am I her ish (husband); let her therefore put away her zenunim (whoredoms) out of her sight, and her na’afufim (adulteries) from between her breasts;

(2:5) Lest I strip her naked, and set her as bare as the day she was born, and make her as a midbar, and turn her like an eretz tziyyah (parched land), and kill her with tzamah (thirst).

(2:6) And I will not have mercy upon her banim; for they are the bnei zenunim.

(2:7) For their em hath played the zonah (prostitute); she that conceived them hath done shamefully; for she said, I will go after my lovers, that give me my lechem and my mayim, my wool and my flax, mine shemen (oil) and my shikkui (drink).

(2:8) Therefore, hinei, I will hedge up thy path with thorns, and wall in her wall, that she shall not find her netivah (way).

(2:9) And she shall chase after her lovers, but she shall not overtake them; and she shall seek them, but shall not find them; then shall she say, I will go and return to my ish harishon (first husband); for then was it better with me than now.

(2:10) For she did not have da’as that I gave her dagan (grain), and tirosh (new wine), and yitzhar (oil), and multiplied her kesef and zahav, which they prepared for Ba’al.

(2:11) Therefore will I return, and take away My dagan in the season thereof, and My tirosh in the season thereof, and will take back My wool and My flax given to cover her nakedness.

10 (2:12) And now will I expose her navlut (lewdness) in the sight of her lovers, and none shall deliver her out of Mine hand.

(Hosea 14:2-10) and literally means “Return!” It is perhaps a play on, but not to be confused with, the word Teshuvah (the word for repentance).


Shabbat Shuva begins at sundown on Fri, 04 October 2019.