37 – Naso – idra raba

rAbi Aba speaks about the time of day and how judgment and joy and praise are aroused at different times of the day and night. He says that
during sleep the soul rises above and is examined about its daily activities that are then recorded in the book.
1. “And Hashem spoke to Moses, saying, ‘Take also the sum of the
sons of Gershon'” (Bemidbar 4:21-22). Rabbi Aba opened the
discussion saying, “Blessed is the man to whom Hashem imputes
no iniquity, and in whose spirit there is no guile” (Tehilim 32:2). The
beginning and the end of this verse do not agree, BECAUSE THE
BEGINNING SAYS, “IMPUTES NO INIQUITY,” SEEMINGLY THAT HE HAS SIN BUT IT IS NOT ASCRIBED TO HIM. BUT AT THE END IT SAYS, “AND IN WHOSE SPIRIT THERE IS NO GUILE.” We should look into it and it has already been established.
2. Come and see, During the afternoon prayers, judgment dwells in
the world and Isaac, WHO IS SUPERNAL GVURAH AND THE LEFT
COLUMN OF ZEIR ANPIN, composes the afternoon prayer. FOR
THEN THE MATING WAS COMPLETED IN THE SECRET OF: “HIS
LEFT HAND IS UNDER MY HEAD” (SHIR HASHIRIM 2:6).
THEREFORE, supernal Gvurah rules the world until the onset of
night, because Gvurah receives the night, MEANING THAT NIGHT IS
MALCHUT DRAWN FROM GVURAH, WHICH IS THE AFTERNOON
PRAYER. When the time of the afternoon prayer begins, the left
separates to receive MALCHUT and the night is aroused, WHICH IS
MALCHUT.
3. After THE NIGHT is aroused, all the guards of the external gates
are aroused in the world and spread out, and all the inhabitants of
the world taste death.
4. We have learned that at exactly midnight, the left is aroused as
before, AS DURING THE AFTERNOON PRAYER. The holy lily, WHICH IS MALCHUT, exudes fragrances, WHICH IS THE SECRET OF THE
ILLUMINATION OF CHOCHMAH OF THE LEFT, and raises a voice in praise. Then her head rises and dwells above in the left, IN THE
SECRET OF: “HIS LEFT HAND IS UNDER MY HEAD,” and the left
receives her.
5. This is then proclaimed in the world: The time has come to rise
from sleep and praise the King. Praises then awaken and everything
is fragrant. Praised is the lot of the one who awakens to effect this
bond. When morning approaches and the right, WHICH IS CHESED,
awakens and hugs her, there is universal union BETWEEN
CHOCHMAH AND THE CHASSADIM. THIS IS NOT THE CASE AT
NIGHT WHEN NO CHASSADIM EXIST.
6. Come and see, During the time when people sleep and taste of
death, the soul rises up and gets to stand in its place, where it is
examined about its daily activities which get recorded in the book.
What is the reason for this? Because the soul rises up and testifies
about all the person’s