The Number Seven

The Meaning of Numbers: The Number 7

Used 735 times (54 times in the book of Revelation alone), the number 7 is the foundation of God’s word. If we include with this count how many times ‘sevenfold’ (6) and ‘seventh’ (119) is used, our total jumps to 860 references.

Seven is the number of completeness and perfection (both physical and spiritual). It derives much of its meaning from being tied directly to God’s creation of all things. According to Jewish tradition, the creation of Adam occurred on October 7th, 3761 B.C. (or the first day of Tishri, which is the seventh month on the Hebrew calendar). The word ‘created’ is used 7 times describing God’s creative work (Genesis 1:1, 21, 27 three times; 2:3; 2:4). There are 7 days in a week and God’s Sabbath is on the 7th day.

The Bible, as a whole, was originally divided into 7 major divisions. They are 1) the Law; 2) the Prophets; 3) the Writings, or Psalms; 4) the Gospels and Acts; 5) the General Epistles; 6) the Epistles of Paul; and 7) the book of Revelation. The total number of originally inspired books was forty-nine, or 7 x 7, demonstrating the absolute perfection of the Word of God.

Appearances of the number seven

There are at least seven men in the Old Testament who are specifically mentioned as a man of God. They are Moses (Joshua 14:6), David (2Chronicles 8:14), Samuel (1Samuel 9:6, 14), Shemaiah (1Kings 12:22), Elijah (1Kings 17:18), Elisha (2Kings 5:8) and Igdaliah (Jeremiah 35:4).

In the book of Hebrews, written by the apostle Paul, he uses seven titles to refer to Christ. The titles are ‘Heir of all things’ (Hebrews 1:2), ‘Captain of our salvation’ (2:10), ‘Apostle’ (3:1), ‘Author of salvation’ (5:9), ‘Forerunner’ (6:20), ‘High Priest’ (10:21) and the ‘Author and finisher of our faith’ (12:2).

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The Number Seven
Source Sheet by Dan Epstein
Leviticus 22:26-27
Seven Days in this world
א. ויקרא כ״ב:כ״ו-כ״ז .1
\ (כז) שׁוֹר אוֹ ֶכֶשׂב אוֹ ֵעז ִכּי יִָוֵּלד ְוָהָיה
ִשְׁבַעת ָיִמים ַתַּחת ִאמּוֹ וִּמיּוֹם ַהְשִּׁמיִני
ָוָהְלאָה ֵיָרֶצה ְלָקְרַבּן ִאֶשּׁה ַליהָוה.
(27) When a bullock, or a sheep, or a goat, is
brought forth, then it shall be seven days
under the dam; but from the eighth day and
thenceforth it may be accepted for an offering
made by fire unto the LORD.
7 represents the natural world, the world was created in 7 days, 7 musical notes, 7 colors in the rainbow.
Shabbos is the seventh day of the week.
Leviticus 23:3
Seventh is the Day of Rest
ב. ויקרא כ״ג:ג׳ .2
(ג) ֵשֶׁשׁת ָיִמים ֵתָּעֶשׂה ְמָלאָכה וַּביּוֹם
ַהְשִּׁביִעי ַשַׁבּת ַשָׁבּתוֹן ִמְקָרא ֹקֶדשׁ ָכּל
ְמָלאָכה ਂא ַתֲעשׂוּ ַשָׁבּת ִהוא ַליהָוה ְבֹּכל
מוְֹשֹׁבֵתיֶכם.
(3) Six days shall work be done; but on the
seventh day is a sabbath of solemn rest, a
holy convocation; ye shall do no manner of
work; it is a sabbath unto the LORD in all your
dwellings.
Sources 1-4 are from the reading for Sukkoht from the Torah. The holidays are presented in
chronological order from creation.Shabbos (7 Days) starting from creation. Then the creation of the Jews
during Yitziyat Mitzrayim (Paysach) to Matan Torah (Shavuot) is seven weeks. Then Seven months from
Yitziyat Mitzrayim is Sukkoht. This lasts seven days.
Leviticus 23:15-16
Seven Weeks
ג. ויקרא כ״ג:ט״ו-ט״ז .3
(טו) וְּסַפְרֶתּם ָלֶכם ִמָמֳּחַרת ַהַשָּׁבּת ִמיּוֹם
ֲהִביֲאֶכם ֶאת ֹעֶמר ַהְתּנוָּפה ֶשַׁבע
ַשָׁבּתוֹת ְתִּמיֹמת ִתְּהֶייָנה.

(טז) ַעד ִמָמֳּחַרת ַהַשָּׁבּת ַהְשִּׁביִעת
ִתְּסְפּרוּ ֲחִמִשּׁים יוֹם ְוִהְקַרְבֶתּם ִמְנָחה
ֲחָדָשׁה ַליהָוה.
(15) And ye shall count unto you from the
morrow after the day of rest, from the day that
ye brought the sheaf of the waving; seven
weeks shall there be complete;

(16) even unto the morrow after the seventh
week shall ye number fifty days; and ye shall
present a new meal-offering unto the LORD.
7 day Holiday
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ד. ויקרא כ״ג:ל״ד-ל״ו 4. Leviticus 23:34-36
(לד) ַדֵּבּר ֶאל ְבֵּני יְִשָׂרֵאל ֵלאֹמר ַבֲּחִמָשּׁה
ָעָשׂר יוֹם ַלֹחֶדשׁ ַהְשִּׁביִעי ַהֶזּה ַחג ַהֻסּכּוֹת
ִשְׁבַעת ָיִמים ַליֹהָוה.

(לה) ַבּיּוֹם ָהִראשׁוֹן ִמְקָרא ֹקֶדשׁ ָכּל
ְמֶלאֶכת ֲעֹבָדה ਂא ַתֲעשׂוּ.

(לו) ִשְׁבַעת ָיִמים ַתְּקִריבוּ ִאֶשּׁה ַליהָוה
ַבּיּוֹם ַהְשִּׁמיִני ִמְקָרא ֹקֶדשׁ יְִהֶיה ָלֶכם
ְוִהְקַרְבֶתּם ִאֶשּׁה ַליהָוה ֲעֶצֶרת ִהוא ָכּל
ְמֶלאֶכת ֲעֹבָדה ਂא ַתֲעשׂוּ.
(34) Speak unto the children of Israel, saying:
On the fifteenth day of this seventh
month is the feast of tabernacles for seven
days unto the LORD.

(35) On the first day shall be a holy
convocation; ye shall do no manner of servile
work.

(36) Seven days ye shall bring an offering
made by fire unto the LORD; on the eighth
day shall be a holy convocation unto you; and
ye shall bring an offering made by fire unto the
LORD; it is a day of solemn assembly; ye
shall do no manner of servile work.
Zachariah 14:4-5
Earth quake
ה. זכריה י״ד:ד׳-ה׳ .5
(ד) ְוָעְמדוּ ַרְגָליו ַבּיּוֹם ַההוּא ַעל ַהר
ַהֵזִּתים ֲאֶשׁר ַעל ְפֵּני ְירוָּשִַׁל ם ִמֶקֶּדם
ְוִנְבַקע ַהר ַהֵזּיִתים ֵמֶחְציוֹ ִמְזָרָחה ָוָיָמּה
ֵגּיא ְגּדוָֹלה ְמֹאד וָּמשׁ ֲחִצי ָהָהר ָצפוָֹנה
ְוֶחְציוֹ ֶנְגָבּה.

(ה) ְוַנְסֶתּם ֵגּיא ָהַרי ִכּי ַיִגּיַע ֵגּי ָהִרים ֶאל
אַָצל ְוַנְסֶתּם ַכֲּאֶשׁר ַנְסֶתּם ִמְפֵּני ָהַרַעשׁ
ִבּיֵמי ֻעִזָּיּה ֶמֶל਄ ְיהוָּדה וָּבא ְיהָוה ֱאਂַהי
ָכּל ְקֹדִשׁים ִעָמּ਄.
(4) And His feet shall stand in that day upon
the mount of Olives, Which is before
Jerusalem on the east, And the mount of
Olives shall cleft in the midst thereof Toward
the east and toward the west, So that there
shall be a very great valley; And half of the
mountain shall remove toward the north, And
half of it toward the south.

(5) And ye shall flee to the valley of the
mountains; For the valley of the mountains
shall reach unto Azel; Yea, ye shall flee, like
as ye fled from before the earthquake In the
days of Uzziah king of Judah; And the LORD
my God shall come, And all the holy ones with
Thee.
Kings I 8:9-13
Dwelling Place for God
ו. מלכים א ח׳:ט׳-י״ג .6
(ט) ֵאין ָבּאָרוֹן ַרק ְשֵׁני ֻלחוֹת ָהֲאָבִנים
ֲאֶשׁר ִהִנַּח ָשׁם ֹמֶשׁה ְבֹּחֵרב ֲאֶשׁר ָכַּרת
ְיהָוה ִעם ְבֵּני יְִשָׂרֵאל ְבֵּצאָתם ֵמֶאֶרץ
ִמְצָריִם. (י) ַוְיִהי ְבֵּצאת ַהֹכֲּהִנים ִמן
(9) There was nothing in the ark save the two
tables of stone which Moses put there at
Horeb, when the LORD made a covenant
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ִמְצָריִם. (י) ַוְיִהי ְבֵּצאת ַהֹכֲּהִנים ִמן
ַהֹקֶּדשׁ ְוֶהָעָנן ָמֵלא ֶאת ֵבּית ְיהָוה.

(יא) ְוਂא ָיְכלוּ ַהֹכֲּהִנים ַלֲעֹמד ְלָשֵׁרת
ִמְפֵּני ֶהָעָנן ִכּי ָמֵלא ְכבוֹד ְיהָוה ֶאת ֵבּית
ְיהָוה. (יב) אָז אַָמר ְשׁਂֹמה ְיהָוה אַָמר
ִלְשֹׁכּן ָבֲּעָרֶפל. (יג) ָבֹּנה ָבִניִתי ֵבּית ְזֻבל ָל਄
ָמכוֹן ְלִשְׁבְתּਃ עוָֹלִמים.
of the land of Egypt. (10) And it came to pass,
when the priests were come out of the holy
place, that the cloud filled the house of the
LORD,

(11) so that the priests could not stand to
minister by reason of the cloud; for the glory
of the LORD filled the house of the LORD.
(12) Then spoke Solomon: The LORD hath
said that He would dwell in the thick darkness.
(13) I have surely built Thee a house of
habitation, A place for Thee to dwell in for
ever.

God desires an abode in this world, this abode is the Jewish people. God’s presence is manifest in the
Jewish people’s life through holidays. The Sukkah is a physical representation of Gods
presence,protection and providence in this world made possible through physical means that is why it is
7 seven days.

God wishes to be known through nature, through the number seven. Through the name Elokim which is
equivalent in Gematria to Teva or nature. We read Kohelet on Sukkoht, the Safer calls Hashem Elokim.

The Zohar teaches, only through the natural order are miracles manifest. This is the secret behind the
seven years Yackov had to work for Leah then Rachel. In order to understand the Drasha you must go
through the Pshat.

I will use one aspect from each of the Haftorot for Sukkot.

Earthquakes: The physical manifestation of God through nature. (Source 5 )
The Beis Hamikdash: God’s abode in this world (Source 6 )
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