ACHAREY

AND the Lord spake with Mosheh after the two sons of Aharon were dead, who offered the strange fire before the Lord, and died; and the Lord said unto Mosheh, Speak with Aharon thy brother, that he may not enter at any time into the Holy Place within the veil before the mercy‑seat which is upon the ark, that he die not; for in the cloud will I reveal Myself over the mercy‑seat.

With this shall Aharon enter the holy place: With a young bullock for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering. With the holy linen vesture shall he be clothed, and linen drawers shall be upon his flesh, and with the linen girdle shall he be bound, and the linen mitre shall be upon his head: these are holy garments; and he shall wash his flesh in water, and then put them on.

And of the congregation of the sons of Israel let him take two kids of the goats for a sin offering, and one ram for a burnt offering. And Aharon shall offer the bullock of the sin offering for himself, and make atonement for himself and for the men of his house.

And he shall take the two goats, and make them to stand before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance. And Aharon shall put lots upon the two goats; one lot for the Name of the Lord, and one lot for Azazel.[1] And Aharon shall offer the goat whose lot came up for the Name of the Lord, and make him a sin offering; and the goat whose lot came up for Azazel he shall make to stand alive before the Lord, to make an atonement upon him, and to send him away to Azazel, to the desert.

And Aharon shall offer the bullock for his own sin, and make atonement for himself and for the men of his house and he shall kill the bullock for the sin offering which is for himself. And he shall take a censer full of coals of fire from off the altar before the Lord, and his handful of sweet incense beaten small, and carry (them) within the veil. And he shall put the sweet incense upon the fire before the Lord, and the cloud of incense will envelope the mercy‑seat which is over the testimony, that he may not die. And he shall take of the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it with his finger upon the face of the mercy‑seat eastward, and before the mercy-seat he shall sprinkle seven times of the blood with his finger.

And be shall kill the goat for the sin offering of the people, and enter, with its blood, within the veil, and do with his blood as he had done with the blood of the bullock, and sprinkle it upon the mercy‑seat and before the mercy‑seat. And he shall (thus) make atonement for the holy place on account of the uncleanness of the children of Israel, and the rebellion of all their sin. And so shall he do for the tabernacle of ordinance which remaineth with them in the midst of their un­cleanness. But no man shall be in the tabernacle of ordinance (at the time of) his entering to make atonement in the holy place until his coming out: and he shall atone for himself, and for the men of his house, and for all the congregation of Israel.

And he shall go forth to the altar which is before the Lord, and make atonement for it; and take of the blood of the bullock and of the goat’s blood, and put upon the horns of the altar round about; and of the blood he shall sprinkle upon it with his finger seven times, and cleanse it and sanctify it from the uncleanness of the children of Israel.

And when he hath completed to atone for the holy place, and for the tabernacle of ordinance, and for the altar, then shall he bring the living goat. And Aharon shall lay his two hands upon the head of the live goat, and confess over him all the iniquities of the children of Israel, and all their rebellions, and all their sins, and put them upon the head of the goat, and send him away, by the hand of an appointed man, to go into the desert. And the goat shall bear upon him all their iniquities into a land not inhabited; and he shall send the goat away into the desert.

And Aharon shall go into the tabernacle of ordinance, and put off the linen robes which he wore on going into the Holy Place, and shall lay them there aside. And he shall wash his flesh with water in the Holy Place, and put on his garments, and come forth to offer his burnt sacrifice, and the burnt sacrifice of the people, and make atonement for himself and for the people. And the fat of the sin offering he shall burn at the altar.

But he who led away the goat unto Azazel shall wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh in water, and afterwards go into the camp. And the bullock of the sin offering whose blood was carried in to make atonement in the Holy Place, he shall take forth out of the camp, and they shall burn their skins and their flesh and their food with fire. And he who burned them must wash his clothes, and bathe his flesh with water, and may then enter into the camp.

And this shall be to you for an everlasting statute: in the seventh month, on the tenth day of the month, you shall afflict (humble) your souls,[2] and do no work, whether the native‑born or the stranger that dwelleth among you. For on that day he shall make atonement for you, to cleanse you from all your sins, that you may be cleansed from all your sins before the Lord. A Sabbath it shall be to you, and you shall humble your souls. It is an everlasting statute.

And the priest whom he shall anoint, and who shall offer his oblation, to minister instead of his father, shall make the atonement, and dress himself with the vestments of fine linen, even the consecrated vestments. And he shall make atonement for the Holy of Holies, and for the tabernacle of ordinance and for the altar he shall atone, and for all the people of the congregation shall he atone. And this shall be to you an everlasting statute for the expiation of all the children of Israel from all their sins once in the year. And he did as the Lord commanded Mosheh.

XVII. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Speak with Aharon, and with his sons, and with all the sons of Israel, and say to them: This is the word which the Lord hath commanded, saying: Any man of the house of Israel who shall kill bullock or lamb or goat in the camp, or who shall kill (such as sacrifices) without the camp, and bring it not to the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, that it may be offered an oblation in the presence of the Lord before the tabernacle of the Lord, blood shall be reckoned to that man; he hath shed blood, and that man shall be destroyed from his people. In order that the sons of Israel may bring their victims which they (formerly) sacrificed upon the face of the field, before the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, unto the priest, and offer them as consecrated oblations in the presence of the Lord.

And the priest shall sprinkle the blood upon the altar of the Lord at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, and burn the fat to be received with acceptance before the Lord. And they shall no more sacrifice their victims unto demons after which they have wandered: this shall be an everlasting statute to you unto your generations.

And say thou to them, Whatever man of the house of Israel, or the stranger who sojourneth among you, who sacrificeth a burnt offering or a consecrated victim, and bringeth it not to the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, that it may be performed before the Lord, that man shall be destroyed from his people. And what man soever of the house of Israel or of the strangers who sojourn among you, who shall eat any blood, I will set my anger[3] upon the man who shall have eaten blood, and will destroy him[4] from among his people. Because the life of flesh is in the blood, and I have given it to you upon the altar to make atonement for your souls; for it IS THE BLOOD THAT ATONETH FOR THE SOUL. Therefore have I said to the children of Israel, Let no man of you eat blood, nor let the strangers who sojourn among you eat blood; and whatever man of the sons of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn among you, that hunteth venison of beast or bird which may be eaten, let him pour out its blood and cover it in the earth (or in the dust); for the life of all flesh is its blood; it is for its life; and I have said to the children of Israel, You shall not eat the blood of any flesh, for the life of all flesh is its blood; every one who eateth of it shall be destroyed.

And every one who eateth of a carcase (that hath died of itself) or hath been torn, whether he be native born or of the strangers, let him wash his clothes, and bathe in water, and be unclean until the evening, and (then) shall he be clean. But if he wash not, nor bathe his flesh, he shall bear his transgression.

XVIII. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Speak with the sons of Israel, and say unto them: I am the Lord your God: You shall not do according to the people of the land of Mizraim in which you dwelt, nor after the works of the people of the land of Kenaan, whither I am bringing you, shall you do, neither shall you walk in their laws. My judgments shall you perform and keep My statutes to walk in them; I am the Lord your God. And you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, which if a man do he shall live by them an everlasting life. I am the Lord.

No man shall come nigh to any of his own flesh to uncover the nakedness; I am the Lord. The naked­ness of thy father, or the nakedness of thy mother, thou shalt not uncover. She is thy mother; thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. The nakedness of thy father’s wife thou shalt not uncover, it is thy father’s nakedness. The nakedness of thy sister, the daughter of thy father, or the daughter of thy mother, who hath been begotten of thy father by another wife, or of thy mother by another husband, their nakedness thou shalt not uncover. The nakedness of thy son’s daughter, or the daughhter of thy daughter, thou shalt not uncover; for they are thy nakedness. The nakedness of the daughter of thy father’s wife who hath been begotten of thy father, who is thv sister, thou shalt not uncover. The nakedness of thy father’s sister thou shalt not uncover; she is of kin to thy father. The nakedness of thy mother’s sister thou shalt not uncover; for she is of kin to thy mother. The nakedness of thy father’s brother thou shalt not uncover; unto his wife thou shalt not come near; she is the wife of thy father’s brother. The nakedness of thy daughter‑in‑law thou shalt not uncover; she is thy son’s wife, thou shalt not uncover her nakedness. The nakedness of thy brother’s wife thou shalt not uncover; it is thy brother’s nakedness. The nakedness of a woman and of her daughter thou shalt not uncover; thou shalt not take the daughter of her son nor the daughter of her daughter to uncover her nakedness; they are near of kin, it is a device of wickedness. And a wife with her sister thou shalt not take to cause her tribulation by uncovering her nakedness over her in her life (time). And unto a woman in the separation of her uncleanness shalt thou not come near to uncover her nakedness. Nor with the wife of thy neighbour shalt thou carnally lie to defile her. And of thy children thou shalt give none to transfer them to Molek, (or, to make them pass through to Molek,) neither shalt thou profane the Name of the Lord thy God: I am the Lord. And with the male thou shalt not lie as with the woman; it is an abhorrent thing. Nor with any beast shall be thy lying down to defile thyseIf with it; neither shall a woman stand before a beast to permit him to prevail with her; it is confusion. [5] Ye shall not pollute yourselves with any of these; for with all these have the peoples defiled themselves whom I am about to drive away from before you. And the land (itself) is contaminated; and I will visit the guilt that is upon it, and the land shall vomit forth the inhabitants. But you shall keep My statutes and My judgments, and commit none of these abominations,

[1] To be sent to Azazel, a steep rough mountain, (RASHI) not far from Mount Sinai (EBEN EZRA). See the Talmud in Joma, 67. Compare the Glossary, pp. 66-68.

[2] Sam. Vers., “by fasting.”
[3] Sam. Vers., “I will stir up my wrath.”
[4] “I will extripate him.”
[5] Sam. Vers., “It is indignation.”

KEDOSHEIT

AND the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying: Speak with all the congregation of the sons of Israel and say to them, You shall be holy; for I, the Lord your God, am holy. A man shall reverence his mother and his father, and you shall keep the day of My Sabbath: I am the Lord your God. Turn not after idols, nor make molten things (for worship): I am the Lord your God. And when you offer the sacrifice of consecrated things before the Lord, make the sacrifice thereof with your own free will. On the day that it is sacrificed it may be eaten, and on the following day; but that which remaineth on the third day shall be burned with fire. If indeed it be eaten on the third day, it (the oblation) is rejected, and shall not be accepted. And whoever eateth it shall bear his guilt; for he hath profaned that which was consecrated, and that man shall destroyed from his people.

And when you reap the harvest of your land, thou shalt not wholly reap the corners of thy field, and the gleanings of thy harvest thou shalt not gather. Neither in thy vineyard shalt thou (entirely) ingather, nor collect the remainder of thy vineyard; thou shalt leave them for the poor, and for the stranger: I am the Lord thy God. You shall not steal, nor prevaricate, nor be false, a man with his neighbour. Neither swear by My Name unto falsehood, nor profane the Name of thy God: I am the Lord.

Thou shalt not overbear thy neighbour, nor be coercive: the hire of the hireling shall not abide with thee till the morning. Thou shalt not curse him who cannot hear, nor put a stumblingblock before him who cannot see, but shalt fear thy God: I am the Lord. You shall not deal falsely in judgment, nor accept the face of the poor, nor honour the face of the great; in truthfulness shalt thou judge thy neighbour. Thou shalt not make false accusations against thy people, neither stand against thy neighbour’s blood: I am the Lord. Thou shalt not hate thy brother in thy heart: reproving, reprove thou thy neighbour, and contract not sin his account. Thou shalt not be revengeful, nor keep enmity against the children of thy people, but love thy neighbour as thyseIf. I am the Lord.

You shall observe My statutes. Thy cattle thou shalt not make to gender with various kinds, nor sow thy field with various kinds, nor let a garment of a mixture of woollen and linen come upon thee. And if a man lie carnally with a woman, and she be a handmaid betrothed unto (another) man, and with redemption of money not redeemed, nor having freedom given to her by an instrument of writing, the stripe shall be upon her; they shall not be put to death, for she was not free.[1] But he shall bring his trespass offering before the Lord, at the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, a ram for a trespass offering. And the priest shall make atonement with the ram of the trespass offering before the Lord for the sin that he hath sinned, that the sin he hath sinned may be forgiven him.

And when you have entered upon the land, and have planted any (kind) of tree for eating, the fruit of it shall be put away (from you); three years shall it be set aside to be destroyed; it shall not be eaten. But in the fourth year all the fruit shall be consecrated for thanksgiving before the Lord; and in the fifth year you shall eat the fruit of it, that the fruit may be added (increased) to you. I am the Lord your God.

You shall not eat anything with the blood. You shall not use enchantments,[2] nor augury by the clouds. You shall not shave the hair on your head in a circle,[3] nor destroy the hair of thy beard, nor make a cutting for the dead in thy flesh; nor imprint signatures upon you: I am the Lord. Thou shalt not profane thy daughter to make her to become a fornicatress, lest the land become whorish, and the land be filled with the ways of wickedness. The days of Sabbaths, which are Mine, observe ye, and hold in reverence the house of My sanctuary. I am the Lord. Turn not after deceivers, nor inquire by diviners to pollute yourselves with them: I am the Lord your God.

Thou shalt rise up before one who is a teacher in the law, and pay honour to the presence of the aged, and fear thy God. I am the Lord. And if a stranger sojourn with you in the land, you shall not oppress him.

As one born among you shall be the stranger who sojourneth among you, and thou shalt love him as thyself, because you were sojourners in the land of Mizraim: I am the Lord your God. You shall commit no falsity in judgment, in rule, (or line,) in weight, or in measure. Balances of truth, weights of truth, a measure in truth, and hins of truth you shall have. I am the Lord your God, who have brought you out from the land of Mizraim; and you shall keep all My statutes, and all My judgments, and do them: I am the Lord.

XX. And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying, Speak unto the sons of Israel: Whatever man of the sons of Israel, or of the strangers who sojourn in Israel, giveth his offspring unto Molek,[4]

with killing shall he be killed; the people of the house of Israel shall stone him with stones. And I will show My displeasure against that man, and will destroy from among his people, because he hath given his offspring unto Molek, to defile My sanctuary and to profane My holy Name. And if the people of the house of Israel turn away (or hide) their eyes from that man when he giveth his offspring to Molek, that they may not have to put him to death, I will give forth My anger against that man, and against his abettors, and will destroy him, and all who go after him, to wander after Molek, from among their people. And the man who turneth away after impostors and diviners to wander after them, I will set My displeasure upon that man, and will cut him off from among his people. But you shall be sanctified, and be holy; for I am your God. And you shall observe My statutes, and do them: I am the Lord who sanctify you. For the man who curseth his father or his mother shall be surely put to death; he hath cursed his father, he is guilty of death. And the man who committeth adultery with his neighbour’s wife shall be surely put to death; the adulterer and the adulteress. And the man who lieth with his father’s wife, uncovering his father’s nakedness, shall be surely put to death; both of them are guilty of death. And a man who lieth with his daughter‑in‑law, both of them shall be slain: they have wrought confusion, they are guilty of death. And a man who lieth with a man as with a woman, both of them have wrought abomination: they are to be surely put to death, of death they are guilty. And when a man taketh a wife along with her mother, it is wickedness; both he and they shall be burned with fire; such wickedness shall not be among you. And if a man lie with a beast, be shall be surely put to death, and you shall kill the beast. And if a woman approach to a beast to submit to it, the woman shall be put to death, and the beast; they shall verily be killed; of death they are guilty. And a man who shall take his sister, the daughter of his father, or the daughter of his mother, and see her nakedness, and she see his nakedness, it is an ignominy and they shall be destroyed before the eyes of the children of their people: he hath uncovered the nakedness of his sister, he shall receive (the punishment of) his guilt. And a man who lieth with a woman who is unclean, and uncovereth her nakedness, he hath uncovered her shame, and she hath uncovered the uncleanness of her blood: both of them shall be cut off from among their people. Neither shalt thou uncover the nakedness of thy mother’s sister, nor of thy father’s sister; for he will have uncovered that of his near kin; they shall receive for their sin. And if a man lie with the wife of his father’s brother he hath uncovered the nakedness of his father’s brother; they shall receive for their guilt without children shall they die. And if man take his brother’s wife,2 a thing to be kept aloof from, (merachaka,) he bath uncovered the nakedness of his brother, they shall be childless. But keep you all My statutes and all Aly judgments, and do them, that the land into which I bring you to dwell may not cast you out. You shall not walk in the laws of the peoples whom I drive away from before you; for they have committed all these thin”, and My Word hath abhorred them. But I have said to you, Ye shall inherit this land, and I will give it to you to possess it, a land producing milk and honey. I am the Lord your God who have separated you from the peoples. And you shall make distinction between animals clean and unclean, and between fowls unclean and clean, and not make your souls abominable by beast, or by fowl, or by any thing that creepeth on the ground which I have separated (as to be) unto you unclean. And you shall be holy before Me; for I the Lord am holy, and I have separated you from the nations to be worshippers before Me. A man or a woman with whom are impostures or divinations shall be verily put to death; with stones they shall be stoned, they are guilty of death.