Comparison of Torah
JPS: Jewish Publication Society 1917
ONK: Targums Onkelos
PAL: Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian
JER: Jerusalem Fragments


Leviticus 9:1
JPS 9:1 And it came to pass on the eighth day, that Moses called Aaron and his sons, and the elders of Israel;
ONK 9:1 And on the eighth day Mosheh called Aharon and his sons and the elders of Israel.
PAL 9:1 On the eighth day of the anointing of Aharon and his sons, and the eighth day of that consecration, being the first day of the month of Nisan, when Mosheh had erected the tabernacle, he took it not down, neither ministered any longer at the altar; but Mosheh called Aharon and his sons, and the elders of the sanhedrin of Israel.

Leviticus 9:2
JPS 9:2 and he said unto Aaron: ‘Take thee a bull-calf for a sin-offering, and a ram for a burnt-offering, without blemish, and offer them before the LORD.
ONK 9:2 And he said unto Aharon, Take to thee a calf, a young bullock from the herd, for a sin offering, and a ram for a burnt offering unblemished, and offer before the Lord.
PAL 9:2 And he said to Aharon, Take thou a calf, the young of a bullock, for a sin offering, that Satan may not accuse thee concerning the calf that thou madest at Horeb; and take a ram for the burnt sacrifice, that there may be a memorial for thee of the righteousness of Izhak whom his father bound as a ram on the mountain of worship, both of them shall be perfect, and bring them before the Lord.

Leviticus 9:3
JPS 9:3 And unto the children of Israel thou shalt speak, saying: Take ye a he-goat for a sin-offering; and a calf and a lamb, both of the first year, without blemish, for a burnt-offering;
ONK 9:3 And with the sons of Israel he spake, saying, Take a kid of the goats for a sin offering, and a calf, and a lamb of the year, unblemished, for a burnt offering; and a bullock and a ram for a hallowed offering,
PAL 9:3 And to the children of Israel spoke he, saying: Take for yourselves a kid of the goats, because Satana resembles him, lest he recount against you the accusation concerning the kid of the goats, which the sons (tribes) of Jakob killed (Gen 37:31*), and offer him for a sin offering; and a calf, because ye worshipped the calf (Exo 32:4*), and a lamb of the year, that there may be for you a memorial of the righteousness of Izhak, whom his father did bind as a lamb, both of them perfect, for a burnt offering;

Leviticus 9:4
JPS 9:4 and an ox and a ram for peace-offerings, to sacrifice before the LORD; and a meal-offering mingled with oil; for to-day the LORD appeareth unto you.’
ONK 9:4 to sacrifice before the Lord; and a mincha of flour sprinkled with oil: for this day will the glory of the Lord be revealed to you.
PAL 9:4 with a bullock and a lamb, for a hallowed oblation to sacrifice before the Lord, that He may be gracious to you; and a mincha mingled with oil of the olive. For this day will the glory of the Lord’s Shekinah be revealed unto you.

Leviticus 9:5
JPS 9:5 And they brought that which Moses commanded before the tent of meeting; and all the congregation drew near and stood before the LORD.
ONK 9:5 And what Mosheh had commanded they brought before the tabernacle of ordinance, and all the congregation approached and stood before the Lord.
PAL 9:5 And Aharon and his sons, and all the sons of Israel, hastened and took what Mosheh commanded, and presented them in front of the tabernacle of ordinance; and the whole congregation drew near, and lifted up their heart fully before the Lord.

Leviticus 9:6
JPS 9:6 And Moses said: ‘This is the thing which the LORD commanded that ye should do; that the glory of the LORD may appear unto you.’
ONK 9:6 And Mosheh said, This is the thing that the Lord hath commanded to be done, and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed to you.
PAL 9:6 And Mosheh said, This is the thing which you must do. Put away the imagination of evil from your hearts, and there will speedily (at once) be revealed to you the glory of the Shekinah of the Lord.

Leviticus 9:7
JPS 9:7 And Moses said unto Aaron: ‘Draw near unto the altar, and offer thy sin-offering, and thy burnt-offering, and make atonement for thyself, and for the people; and present the offering of the people, and make atonement for them; as the LORD commanded.’
ONK 9:7 And Mosheh said to Aharon, Approach the altar, and make thy sin offering and thy burnt sacrifice, and make atonement for thyself and for the people, and perform the oblation of the people, and make atonement for them, as the Lord commanded.
PAL 9:7 But when Aharon saw at the corner of the altar the form of the calf, he was afraid to approach to its side. Mosheh, therefore, said to him, Take courage, and go near to the altar, fearing not, and offer thy sin offering, and make atonement for thyself and for the people, and perform the oblation of the people, and make atonement for them, as the Lord hath commanded.

Leviticus 9:8
JPS 9:8 So Aaron drew near unto the altar, and slew the calf of the sin-offering, which was for himself.
ONK 9:8 And Aharon drew near to the altar, and slew the calf for the sin offering for himself.
PAL 9:8 And Aharon approached to the altar with resolution,(6) and slew the calf for his own sin offering.

Leviticus 9:9
JPS 9:9 And the sons of Aaron presented the blood unto him; and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the base of the altar.
ONK 9:9 And the sons of Aharon brought the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and poured out the blood at the base of the altar.
PAL 9:9 And the sons of Aharon brought the blood to him, and he dipped his finger in the blood of the young bullock, and put it upon the horns of the altar, and the rest of the blood he poured out at the foundation of the altar, and sanctified it for the making of atonement upon it.

Leviticus 9:10
JPS 9:10 But the fat, and the kidneys, and the lobe of the liver of the sin-offering, he made smoke upon the altar; as the LORD commanded Moses.
ONK 9:10 But the fat, and the kidneys, and the caul of the liver of the sin offering he burned at the altar, as the Lord commanded Mosheh.
PAL 9:10 And the fat, and the kidneys, with the caul of the liver of the sin offering, he burned at the altar, as the Lord had commanded Mosheh.

Leviticus 9:11
JPS 9:11 And the flesh and the skin were burnt with fire without the camp.
ONK 9:11 And the flesh and the skin he burned in the fire without the camp.
PAL 9:11 But the flesh and the skin burned he with fire without the camp.

Leviticus 9:12
JPS 9:12 And he slew the burnt-offering; and Aaron’s sons delivered unto him the blood, and he dashed it against the altar round about.
ONK 9:12 And he killed the whole burnt offering; and the sons of Aharon brought the blood to him, and he sprinkled it upon the altar round about.
PAL 9:12 And he killed the burnt offering, and the sons of Aharon brought the blood to him, and he sprinkled it upon the altar round about.

Leviticus 9:13
JPS 9:13 And they delivered the burnt-offering unto him, piece by piece, and the head; and he made them smoke upon the altar.
ONK 9:13 And they brought to him the whole burnt offering by its members with the head, and he burned upon the altar.
PAL 9:13 And they brought the burnt offering to him by its divisions, and the head, and he burned (them) upon the altar.

Leviticus 9:14
JPS 9:14 And he washed the inwards and the legs, and made them smoke upon the burnt-offering on the altar.
ONK 9:14 And he washed the inwards and the legs, and burned with the offering at the altar.
PAL 9:14 And he washed the inwards and the fat, and burned the burnt offering, at the altar.

Leviticus 9:15
JPS 9:15 And the people’s offering was presented; and he took the goat of the sin-offering which was for the people, and slew it, and offered it for sin, as the first.
ONK 9:15 And he brought the oblation of the people, and took the kid for the sin offering of the people, and killed it, and made atonement with its blood, as before.
PAL 9:15 And they brought the oblation of the people. And he took the goat for the people’s sin offering and killed it, and made atonement with the blood of the goat, as he had made atonement with the blood of the calf of the sin offering for himself, which he had offered before.

Leviticus 9:16
JPS 9:16 And the burnt-offering was presented; and he offered it according to the ordinance.
ONK 9:16 And he brought the whole burnt offering, and performed in the manner proper.
PAL 9:16 And they brought the burnt offering, and he performed it, after the rite of the burnt offering which he had offered for himself.

Leviticus 9:17
JPS 9:17 And the meal-offering was presented; and he filled his hand therefrom, and made it smoke upon the altar, besides the burnt-offering of the morning.
ONK 9:17 And he took the mincha, and filled his hand with it, and burned it upon the altar beside the morning sacrifice.
PAL 9:17 And they brought the mincha, and he filled his hands therefrom, and took of it a portion for its memorial, and burned upon the altar, beside the morning sacrifice.

Leviticus 9:18
JPS 9:18 He slew also the ox and the ram, the sacrifice of peace-offerings, which was for the people; and Aaron’s sons delivered unto him the blood, and he dashed it against the altar round about,
ONK 9:18 And he slew the bullock and the ram for the hallowed oblations of the people; and the sons of Aharon brought the blood to him, and he sprinkled the blood round about.
PAL 9:18 And he killed the bullock and the ram of the hallowed oblations (peace offering) of the people, and the sons of Aharon brought the blood to him, and he sprinkled it upon the altar round about:

Leviticus 9:19
JPS 9:19 and the fat of the ox, and of the ram, the fat tail, and that which covereth the inwards, and the kidneys, and the lobe of the liver.
ONK 9:19 Also the fats of the bullock and of the ram, the tail, and the covering of the inwards, with the kidneys, and the caul of the liver;
PAL 9:19 and the fat of the bullock, and of the ram, the tail, and that which covereth the inwards, and the two kidneys, and the caul of the liver;

Leviticus 9:20
JPS 9:20 And they put the fat upon the breasts, and he made the fat smoke upon the altar.
ONK 9:20 and they placed the fats upon the breast, and burned the fats at the altar.
PAL 9:20 and he laid the fat upon the breast, and burned the fat upon the altar.

Leviticus 9:21
JPS 9:21 And the breasts and the right thigh Aaron waved for a wave-offering before the LORD; as Moses commanded.
ONK 9:21 And the breast with the right shoulder Aharon uplifted, an elevation before the Lord, as the Lord commanded Mosheh.
PAL 9:21 But the breast and the right shoulder Aharon uplifted, an elevation before the Lord, as the Lord commanded Mosheh.

Leviticus 9:22
JPS 9:22 And Aaron lifted up his hands toward the people, and blessed them; and he came down from offering the sin-offering, and the burnt-offering, and the peace-offerings.
ONK 9:22 And Aharon lifted up his hands over (to) the people and blessed them, and came down from performing the sin offering, and the burnt sacrifice, and the hallowed oblations.
PAL 9:22 And Aharon stretched out his hands towards the people and blessed them, and came down from the altar with joy, after he had finished to perform the sin offering and the burnt offering and the hallowed oblation. But when, after the oblations had been performed, the Shekinah did not reveal itself, Aharon was ashamed, and said to Mosheh, It may be that the Word of the Lord hath no pleasure in the work of my hands

Leviticus 9:23
JPS 9:23 And Moses and Aaron went into the tent of meeting, and came out, and blessed the people; and the glory of the LORD appeared unto all the people.
ONK 9:23 And Mosheh and Aharon entered the tabernacle of ordinance, and came forth and blessed the people; and the glory of the Lord was revealed unto all the people:
PAL 9:23 Then went Mosheh and Aharon into the tabernacle of ordinance, and prayed for the people of the house of Israel, and came forth and blessed the people, and said, May the Word of the Lord receive your oblations with favour, and remit and forgive your sins.

Leviticus 9:24
JPS 9:24 And there came forth fire from before the LORD, and consumed upon the altar the burnt-offering and the fat; and when all the people saw it, they shouted, and fell on their faces.
ONK 9:24 and fire came forth from before the Lord, and consumed upon the altar the burnt sacrifice and the fats: and all the people saw, and gave praise, and fell upon their faces.
PAL 9:24 Then, instantly the Glory of the Lord’s Shekinah revealed itself to all the people: and the Fire came forth from the Presence of the Lord, and consumed upon the altar the sacrifice and the fat. And all the people saw, and gave praise, and bowed in prayer upon their faces.
JER 9:24 And bowed in prayer upon their faces.

Leviticus 10:1
JPS 10:1 And Nadab and Abihu, the sons of Aaron, took each of them his censer, and put fire therein, and laid incense thereon, and offered strange fire before the LORD, which He had not commanded them.
ONK 10:1 But the sons of Aharon, Nadab and Abihu, took each man his censer and put fire in them, and put sweet incense upon it, and offered (or brought) before the Lord strange fire which He had not commanded them.
PAL 10:1 But the sons of Aharon, Nadab and Abihu, took each man his censer, and put fire therein, and laid sweet incense upon it, and offered before the Lord strange fire taken from (under) the hearth-pots, which had not been commanded them.
JER 10:1 Outside fire.

Leviticus 10:2
JPS 10:2 And there came forth fire from before the LORD, and devoured them, and they died before the LORD.
ONK 10:2 And fire came out from before the Lord and consumed them, and they died before the Lord.
PAL 10:2 And a flame of fire came out from before the Lord (as) with anger, and divided itself into four streams (or lines), and penetrated their nostrils, and burned their lives (souls) without destroying their bodies; and they died before the Lord.

Leviticus 10:3
JPS 10:3 Then Moses said unto Aaron: ‘This is it that the LORD spoke, saying: Through them that are nigh unto Me I will be sanctified, and before all the people I will be glorified.’ And Aaron held his peace.
ONK 10:3 And Mosheh said unto Aharon, This is that which the Lord spake, saying, In them who approach Me I will be sanctified, and in the face, of all the people will I be glorified. And Aharon was silent.
PAL 10:3 And Mosheh said, This is that which the Lord spake with me in Sinai, saying: In them who come near before Me I will have the tabernacle to be sacred, that, if they be not heedful in the service of the oblations, I will burn them with flaming fire from before Me, that in the sight of all the people I may be glorified. And Aharon heard, and was silent; and he received a good reward for his silence.

Leviticus 10:4
JPS 10:4 And Moses called Mishael and Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aaron, and said unto them: ‘Draw near, carry your brethren from before the sanctuary out of the camp.’
ONK 10:4 And Mosheh called to Mishael and to Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the uncle of Aharon, and said to them, Come nigh, and carry your brethren from before the sanctuary without the camp.
PAL 10:4 And Mosheh called unto Mishael and to Elzaphan, the sons of Uzziel the Levite, the relative of Aharon, and said to them, Take your brethren from the sanctuary, and carry them without the camp.

Leviticus 10:5
JPS 10:5 So they drew near, and carried them in their tunics out of the camp, as Moses had said.
ONK 10:5 And they came nigh, and carried them in their vestments out of the camp, as Mosheh had spoken.
PAL 10:5 And they came nigh, and carried them with hooks of iron in their garments, and buried them without the camp, as Mosheh had directed.

Leviticus 10:6
JPS 10:6 And Moses said unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons: ‘Let not the hair of your heads go loose, neither tend your clothes, that ye die not, and that He be not wroth with all the congregation; but let your brethren, the whole house of Israel, bewail the burning which the LORD hath kindled.
ONK 10:6 And Mosheh said to Aharon and to Elazar and to Ithamar his sons, Make not bare your heads, nor rend your garments, lest you die, and wrath be upon all the congregation; but let your brethren and all the house of Israel bewail the burning which the Lord hath kindled;
PAL 10:6 And Mosheh said to Aharon, and to Elasar and to Ithamar, his sons, Unbare not your heads, neither rend your garments, lest you die by the burning fire, and there be wrath upon all the congregation; but be silent, and justify the judgment upon you, and let all your brethren of the house of Israel bewail the burning which the Lord hath kindled.

Leviticus 10:7
JPS 10:7 And ye shall not go out from the door of the tent of meeting, lest ye die; for the anointing oil of the LORD is upon you.’ And they did according to the word of Moses.
ONK 10:7 and go not forth from the door of the tabernacle of ordinance, lest you die; for the anointing oil of the Lord(17) is upon you. And they did according to the word of Mosheh.
PAL 10:7 And from the door of the tabernacle of ordinance go not forth lest you die; for the oil of the Lord’s consecration is upon you. And they did according to the word of Mosheh.

Leviticus 10:8
JPS 10:8 And the LORD spoke unto Aaron, saying:
ONK 10:8 And the Lord spake unto Aharon, saying
PAL 10:8 And the Lord spake with Aharon, saying,

Leviticus 10:9
JPS 10:9 ‘Drink no wine nor strong drink, thou, nor thy sons with thee, when ye go into the tent of meeting, that ye die not; it shall be a statute forever throughout your generations.
ONK 10:9 Drink not wine nor strong drink, neither thou nor thy sons with thee, when you enter into the tabernacle of ordinance, that you die not. It is an everlasting statute unto your generations,
PAL 10:9 Drink neither wine nor anything that maketh drunk, neither thou nor thy sons with thee at the time when ye are to enter into the tabernacle of ordinance, as thy sons did who have died by the burning of fire. It is an everlasting statute for your generations;

Leviticus 10:10
JPS 10:10 And that ye may put difference between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;
ONK 10:10 for the distinguishment between the holy and the common, and between the unclean and the clean;
PAL 10:10 and for the distinguishing between the sacred and the common, and between the unclean and the clean,

Leviticus 10:11
JPS 10:11 and that ye may teach the children of Israel all the statutes which the LORD hath spoken unto them by the hand of Moses.’
ONK 10:11 and that you may teach the sons of Israel all the statutes which the Lord hath spoken to them through Mosheh.
PAL 10:11 and for teaching the children of Israel all the statutes which the Lord hath spoken to them by the hand of Mosheh.

Leviticus 10:12
JPS 10:12 And Moses spoke unto Aaron, and unto Eleazar and unto Ithamar, his sons that were left: ‘Take the meal-offering that remaineth of the offerings of the LORD made by fire, and eat it without leaven beside the altar; for it is most holy.
ONK 10:12 And Mosheh spake with Aharon and with Elazar and with Ithamar his sons who were left: Take the mincha which remaineth of the oblations of the Lord, and eat it unleavened at the side of the altar, because it is most holy.
PAL 10:12 And Mosheh spake with Aharon, and Elasar and Ithamar, his sons, who were left from the burning: Take the mincha that remaineth of the Lord’s oblations and eat it unleavened at the side of the altar, because it is most sacred:

Leviticus 10:13
JPS 10:13 And ye shall eat it in a holy place, because it is thy due, and thy sons’ due, of the offerings of the LORD made by fire; for so I am commanded.
ONK 10:13 It shall be eaten in the holy place; for it is thy portion, and the portion of thy sons of the oblations of the Lord; for so have I been commanded.
PAL 10:13 and you may eat it in the holy place; for it is thy portion and the portion of thy sons of the oblations of the Lord: for so have I been commanded.

Leviticus 10:14
JPS 10:14 And the breast of waving and the thigh of heaving shall ye eat in a clean place; thou, and thy sons, and thy daughters with thee; for they are given as thy due, and thy sons’ due, out of the sacrifices of the peace-offerings of the children of Israel.
ONK 10:14 But the breast of the uplifting and the shoulder of the separation you may eat on (any) clean place, and thy sons and thy daughters with thee; for it is thy portion, and the portion of thy sons, which hath been given of the hallowed sacrifices of the children of Israel.
PAL 10:14 But the breast of the uplifting and the shoulder of the separation you may eat in (any) clean place, thou and thy sons with thee, because it is thy portion and the portion of thy sons which hath been given from the hallowed sacrifices of the children of Israel.

Leviticus 10:15
JPS 10:15 The thigh of heaving and the breast of waving shall they bring with the offerings of the fat made by fire, to wave it for a wave-offering before the LORD; and it shall be thine, and thy sons’ with thee, as a due for ever; as the LORD hath commanded.’
ONK 10:15 The shoulder of the separation and the breast of the uplifting they will bring with the oblation of the fat things to uplift, an elevation before the Lord: and they shall be thine and thy sons’ with thee by an everlasting statute, as the Lord hath commanded.
PAL 10:15 The shoulder of the separation and the elevated breast with the fats of the oblations they shall bring to be uplifted an elevation before the Lord, and they shall then be thine and thy sons’ with thee, by an everlasting statute, as the Lord commanded.

Leviticus 10:16
JPS 10:16 And Moses diligently inquired for the goat of the sin-offering, and, behold, it was burnt; and he was angry with Eleazar and with Ithamar, the sons of Aaron that were left, saying:
ONK 10:16 But Mosheh made inquiry(18) for the goat of the sin offering; and, behold, it had been burned; and he was angry with Elazar and Ithamar the sons of Aharon who were left, saying:
PAL 10:16 And on this day three goats shall be offered; the goat for the beginning of the month (or, new moon), the goat of the people’s sin offering, and the goat for the sin offering which Nachson bar Aminadab hath brought for the dedication of the altar. And Aharon and his sons went and burned those three. (But) Mosheh came and inquired for the goat of the people’s sin offering; he sought it, but, behold, it had been burned, and he was angry with Elasar and Ithamar, the sons of Aharon who were left, and said,

Leviticus 10:17
JPS 10:17 ‘Wherefore have ye not eaten the sin-offering in the place of the sanctuary, seeing it is most holy, and He hath given it you to bear the iniquity of the congregation, to make atonement for them before the LORD?
ONK 10:17 Why have you not eaten of the sin offering in the holy place, because it is most holy; and He hath delivered it unto you for pardoning mercy upon the sin of the congregation to make atonement for them before the Lord?
PAL 10:17 Why have you not eaten the sin offering in the holy place? forasmuch as it is most sacred, and hath been given to you for absolving the sin of the congregation, to make atonement for you before the Lord;

Leviticus 10:18
JPS 10:18 Behold, the blood of it was not brought into the sanctuary within; ye should certainly have eaten it in the sanctuary, as I commanded.’
ONK 10:18 Behold, the blood of it was not brought in within the sanctuary: eating you should have eaten it within the holy (precinct), as I had commanded.
PAL 10:18 and, behold, none of its blood hath been carried in within the sanctuary. You should have indeed eaten it in the holy place, as I have been instructed.

Leviticus 10:19
JPS 10:19 And Aaron spoke unto Moses: ‘Behold, this day have they offered their sin-offering and their burnt-offering before the LORD, and there have befallen me such things as these; and if I had eaten the sin-offering to-day, would it have been well-pleasing in the sight of the LORD?
ONK 10:19 And Aharon said to Mosheh, Behold, this day they have brought their sin offering and their burnt offering before the Lord; but such griefs as these having come upon me, if I had eaten of the sin offering to-day, would it have been right before the Lord?
PAL 10:19 And Aharon said to Mosheh, Behold, this day the sons of Israel have brought the oblation of their sin offering and their burnt sacrifice before the Lord; but a stroke hath befallen me, in those my two sons. Of the second tythe is it not commanded, Thou shalt not eat of it while mourning? How much more, then, of the sin offering? If I had eaten of the sin offering this day with my two sons who are left, would it not have been an error, so that they too might have been burned by a judgment, for doing that which was not pleasing before the Lord?
JER 10:19 They have brought their sin offerings and their burnt sacrifice before the Lord; and I have been instructed that these of the sin offering are more weighty than those of the second tythes, of which it is not allowed to the mourner to eat; and to me hath been a great sorrow this day through the death of my two sons Nadab and Abihu: and consider, if, while mourning over them, I were to eat to-day of the sin offering, I should do what would not be pleasing or right before the Lord.

Leviticus 10:20
JPS 10:20 And when Moses heard that, it was well-pleasing in his sight.
ONK 10:20 And Mosheh heard, and it was pleasing in his eyes.(19)
PAL 10:20 And Mosheh heard, and it was approvable before him, and he sent out a crier through the camp, saying, I am he from whom the rite hath been hidden, and Aharon my brother hath brought its remembrance to me.
JER 10:20 When Mosheh had heard, and the word was pleasing in his sight, he sent out a herald through all the camp of Israel, and said, I am he from whom the rite had been hidden; but Aharon my brother hath taught it unto me. And because Mosheh humbled himself, he received thereupon a great reward. For Mosheh heard, and the word was pleasing before him.

Leviticus 11:1
JPS 11:1 And the LORD spoke unto Moses and to Aaron, saying unto them:
ONK 11:1 And the Lord spake with Mosheh and to Aharon, saying to them:
PAL 11:1 And the Lord spake with Mosheh and with Aharon, bidding them and the sons of Aharon admonish the children of Israel to taste their food in purity, and to separate on account of uncleanness eighteen kinds of food to be rejected.

Leviticus 11:2
JPS 11:2 Speak unto the children of Israel, saying: These are the living things which ye may eat among all the beasts that are on the earth.
ONK 11:2 Speak with the children of Israel, saying: These are the animals which you may eat of all the beasts which are upon the earth.
PAL 11:2 Speak with the children of Israel, saying: These are the animals which are fit to you for food, of every beast which is upon the earth.

Leviticus 11:3
JPS 11:3 Whatsoever parteth the hoof, and is wholly cloven-footed, and cheweth the cud, among the beasts, that may ye eat.
ONK 11:3 Every one that parteth the sole and divideth the paw (or hoof) and that bringeth up the cud among cattle, that you may eat
PAL 11:3 Whatsoever divideth the hoof and is cloven-footed, and that which hath horns bringing up the cud among the beasts, that you may eat.

Leviticus 11:4
JPS 11:4 Nevertheless these shall ye not eat of them that only chew the cud, or of them that only part the hoof: the camel, because he cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, he is unclean unto you.
ONK 11:4 But these you shall not eat,—of them that bring up the cud or of them that divide the hoof—the camel, because he bringeth up the cud, but divideth not his hoof, he is unclean to you.
PAL 11:4 But you may not eat of the kinds that (only) bring up the cud, nor (of them which only) divide the hoof, because (they are) born of the unclean. The camel, because he bringeth up the cud, but divideth not the hoof; he is unclean, to you.

Leviticus 11:5
JPS 11:5 And the rock-badger, because he cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, he is unclean unto you.
ONK 11:5 And the coney, because he bringeth up the cud, but doth not divide the hoof, is unclean to you.
PAL 11:5 And the coney, because he bringeth up the cud, but divideth not the hoof, is unclean to you.

Leviticus 11:6
JPS 11:6 And the hare, because she cheweth the cud but parteth not the hoof, she is unclean unto you
ONK 11:6 And the hare, because he bringeth up the cud, but the hoof divideth not, shall be unclean to you.
PAL 11:6 And the hare, because be bringeth up the cud, but divideth not the hoof, is unclean to you.

Leviticus 11:7
JPS 11:7 And the swine, because he parteth the hoof, and is cloven-footed, but cheweth not the cud, he is unclean unto you.
ONK 11:7 And the swine, because he parteth the sole, and divideth the hoof, but cheweth not the cud, he shall be unclean to you.
PAL 11:7 And the swine, because be divideth the hoof, and is cloven-footed, but cheweth not the cud, is unclean to you.

Leviticus 11:8
JPS 11:8 Of their flesh ye shall not eat, and their carcasses ye shall not touch; they are unclean unto you.
ONK 11:8 You shall neither eat their flesh nor touch their carcases; they are unclean to you.
PAL 11:8 Of their flesh you shall not eat, nor touch their carcase; they are abominable to you.

Leviticus 11:9
JPS 11:9 These may ye eat of all that are in the waters: whatsoever hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, them may ye eat.
ONK 11:9 And these you may eat of all that are in the waters; every one that hath fins and scales in the waters, in the seas, and in the rivers, of them you may eat.
PAL 11:9 And these you may eat, of all that are in the waters: every one that hath fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers, these you may eat. But any one that hath not fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers,

Leviticus 11:10
JPS 11:10 And all that have not fins and scales in the seas, and in the rivers, of all that swarm in the waters, and of all the living creatures that are in the waters, they are a detestable thing unto you,
ONK 11:10 But any one that hath not (both) fins and scales in the seas and in the rivers; every (such) reptile of the waters, and every living animal in the waters, shall be unto you an abomination.
PAL 11:10 and of anything that is in the sea that crawleth, shall be an abomination to you,

Leviticus 11:11
JPS 11:11 and they shall be a detestable thing unto you; ye shall not eat of their flesh, and their carcasses ye shall have in detestation.
ONK 11:11 An abomination shall they be to you; of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcases you shall abhor;
PAL 11:11 and an abomination shall their jelly and their sauce be to you; of their flesh you shall not eat, and their carcase you shall have in abhorrence, and from the use of them you must keep aloof.

Leviticus 11:12
JPS 11:12 Whatsoever hath no fins nor scales in the waters, that is a detestable thing unto you.
ONK 11:12 whatsoever hath not (both) fins and scales in the waters is to be an abomination to you.
PAL 11:12 Every one that hath neither fins nor scales in the waters shall be an abomination to you.

Leviticus 11:13
JPS 11:13 And these ye shall have in detestation among the fowls; they shall not be eaten, they are a detestable thing: the great vulture, and the bearded vulture, and the ospray;
ONK 11:13 And these shall you hold in abomination among the birds; you shall not eat them, they are an abomination: the eagle, and the sea eagle, and the osprey,
PAL 11:13 And these kinds of birds must be abominated: those not a finger long, or that have no vesicle (zephaq), or whose crop (kurkeban, ingluvies) peeleth not away,(7) are not to be eaten, they are abomination; the eagle, the black eagle, and the osprey,

Leviticus 11:14
JPS 11:14 and the kite, and the falcon after its kinds;
ONK 11:14 and the kite, and the vulture, after his kind;
PAL 11:14 and the kite, and the vulture after his kind,

Leviticus 11:15
JPS 11:15 every raven after its kinds;
ONK 11:15 and every raven after his kind;
PAL 11:15 and every raven after his kind,

Leviticus 11:16
JPS 11:16 and the ostrich, and the night-hawk, and the sea-mew, and the hawk after its kinds;
ONK 11:16 and the ostrich, and the night bird, and the gull, and the hawk, after his kind;
PAL 11:16 and the ostrich, and the night raven, and the gull, and the hawk after his kind,

Leviticus 11:17
JPS 11:17 and the little owl, and the cormorant, and the great owl;
ONK 11:17 and the owl, and the diver for fish, and the ibis,
PAL 11:17 and the snatcher of fish from the sea, and the ibis, and the bustard,

Leviticus 11:18
JPS 11:18 and the horned owl, and the pelican, and the carrion-vulture;
ONK 11:18 and the swan, and the green bird, and the stork,
PAL 11:18 and the cuckoo, and the woodpecker,

Leviticus 11:19
JPS 11:19 and the stork, and the heron after its kinds, and the hoopoe, and the bat.
ONK 11:19 and the pica, after his kind, and the moorcock, and the bat.
PAL 11:19 and the white stork, and the black, after his kind, and the woodcock, and the bat.

Leviticus 11:20
JPS 11:20 All winged swarming things that go upon all fours are a detestable thing unto you.
ONK 11:20 Every winged thing that creepeth, (or) walketh upon four,(20) is an abomination to you.
PAL 11:20 And every flying reptile that goeth upon four, the fly species, the wasp (or hornet) species, and the bee species shall be an abomination to you: nevertheless of the honey of the bee you may eat.

Leviticus 11:21
JPS 11:21 Yet these may ye eat of all winged swarming things that go upon all fours, which have jointed legs above their feet, wherewith to leap upon the earth;
ONK 11:21 Yet these you may eat, of every creeping thing that flieth, that walketh upon four which hath joints above its feet wherewith to leap upon the ground.
PAL 11:21 So also of these you may eat, of every flying reptile that goeth upon four; every one that hath joints above his feet to leap therewith upon the ground.

Leviticus 11:22
JPS 11:22 even these of them ye may eat: the locust after its kinds, and the bald locust after its kinds, and the cricket after its kinds, and the grasshopper after its kinds.
ONK 11:22 Of such as these you may eat, the locust after his kind, and the bald locust, and the serpent-killer after his kind, and the grasshopper after his kind;(21)
PAL 11:22 Of these kinds of them you may eat: the wingless locust after his kind, and the bald locust after his kind, the serpent-killer after his kind, and the karzeba, which is the palmerworm, after his kind.

Leviticus 11:23
JPS 11:23 But all winged swarming things, which have four feet, are a detestable thing unto you.
ONK 11:23 but every other creeping thing that flieth having four feet is to be an abomination to you.
PAL 11:23 But all flying reptiles which have four feet are to be an abomination to you;

Leviticus 11:24
JPS 11:24 And by these ye shall become unclean; whosoever toucheth the carcass of them shall be unclean until even.
ONK 11:24 And by these you will be unclean; every one who toucheth their carcases shall be unclean until the evening.
PAL 11:24 and by them you would be defiled: whosoever toucheth. their carcase shall be unclean until evening.

Leviticus 11:25
JPS 11:25 And whosoever beareth aught of the carcass of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:25 And whosoever carrieth a carcase of them, shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening;
PAL 11:25 Whoever carrieth any of their carcase must wash his clothes and be unclean until evening.

Leviticus 11:26
JPS 11:26 Every beast which parteth the hoof, but is not cloven footed, nor cheweth the cud, is unclean unto you; every one that to toucheth them shall be unclean.
ONK 11:26 every beast that divideth the hoof, but is not cloven-footed, and that bringeth not up the cud, is to be unclean to you; whosoever toucheth them shall be unclean.
PAL 11:26 All cattle which divide the hoof, but are not cloven-footed nor throw up the cud, are to be unclean to you, any one who toucheth them shall be unclean.

Leviticus 11:27
JPS 11:27 And whatsoever goeth upon its paws, among all beasts that go on all fours, they are unclean unto you; whoso toucheth their carcass shall be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:27 And every (animal) that goeth upon its paws, of all beasts that go upon four, shall be unclean to you; whoever toucheth their carcases shall be unclean until the evening.
PAL 11:27 Every one that goeth upon his paws of all animals that walk upon four shall be unclean to you. Whoever toucheth their carcase shall be unclean until evening.

Leviticus 11:28
JPS 11:28 And he that beareth the carcass of them shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even; they are unclean unto you.
ONK 11:28 And whoever carrieth their carcase shall wash his clothes and be unclean until the evening; to you they are unclean.
PAL 11:28 Whoever beareth their carcase shall wash his clothes and be unclean until evening; unclean are they to you.

Leviticus 11:29
JPS 11:29 And these are they which are unclean unto you among the swarming things that swarm upon the earth: the weasel, and the mouse, and the great lizard after its kinds,
ONK 11:29 And these shall be to you unclean among the reptiles which creep upon the ground;—the weasel, and the mouse, and the crocodile after his kind,
PAL 11:29 And these also to you are such as defile; the blood, the skin, and the flesh of every reptile that creepeth upon the ground: the weasel, the mouse, black, red, and white, and the toad, after his kind;

Leviticus 11:30
JPS 11:30 and the gecko, and the land-crocodile, and the lizard, and the sand-lizard, and the chameleon.
ONK 11:30 and the field mouse (or ferret), and the chameleon, and the newt, and the lizard, and the mole.
PAL 11:30 and the sucking serpent, and the chameleon, and the lizard, and the snail, and the salamander.

Leviticus 11:31
JPS 11:31 These are they which are unclean to you among all that swarm; whosoever doth touch them, when they are dead, shall be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:31 These are unclean to you of all that creep; every one who toucheth them in their dead state shall be unclean until evening.
PAL 11:31 These eight kinds are unclean to you among all reptiles: whoever toucheth them, their skin or their blood, shall be unclean until the evening.

Leviticus 11:32
JPS 11:32 And upon whatsoever any of them, when they are dead, doth fall, it shall be unclean; whether it be any vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, whatsoever vessel it be, wherewith any work is done, it must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the even; then shall it be clean.
ONK 11:32 And upon whatever any of them may fall in their dead state it shall be unclean; whether a vessel of wood, or raiment, or skin, or sack, everything whatever in which work is done, must be put into water, and it shall be unclean until the evening, and must be purified.
PAL 11:32 And whatever upon which any part of their dead body may fall, as their members when separated from them, shall be unclean; every vessel of wood, or garment, or leather, or sack, anything in which work is done, in four measures of water it shall be dipped, and be unclean for use until evening, when it shall be purified.

Leviticus 11:33
JPS 11:33 And every earthen vessel whereinto any of them falleth, whatsoever is in it shall be unclean, and it ye shall break.
ONK 11:33 And whatever earthen vessel into which any of them may fall, all that is within (it) is polluted, and you shall break it.
PAL 11:33 And any earthen vessel into which any of them may fall, any vessel in which they may be, shall be unclean and be broken;

Leviticus 11:34
JPS 11:34 All food therein which may be eaten, that on which water cometh, shall be unclean; and all drink in every such vessel that may be drunk shall be unclean
ONK 11:34 Any food for eating, upon which water (from such vessel) is poured, shall be unclean, and all liquor which was for drinking in any (such) vessel shall be unclean.
PAL 11:34 all food for eating upon which (such) water cometh shall be unclean, and any fluid which is used for drinking in any such vessel shall be unclean.

Leviticus 11:35
JPS 11:35 And every thing whereupon any part of their carcass falleth shall be unclean; whether oven, or range for pots, it shall be broken in pieces; they are unclean, and shall be unclean unto you.
ONK 11:35 And anything upon which a part of their dead bodies may have fallen shall be unclean; oven or cooking pan, they shall be broken, they are unclean and shall be unclean to you.
PAL 11:35 And any thing upon which a part of their carcase may fall shall be unclean, whether ovens or pans they shall be broken, they are defiled and shall be unclean to you.
JER 11:35 The ovens and pans shall be broken.

Leviticus 11:36
JPS 11:36 Nevertheless a fountain or a cistern wherein is a gathering of water shall be clean; but he who toucheth their carcass shall be unclean.
ONK 11:36 Nevertheless, a fountain or a pit, the place of a collection of waters (into which they may have fallen), shall be clean; but he who toucheth their dead bodies shall be unclean.
PAL 11:36 But fountains and cisterns, the place of the collection of running waters, shall be clean: but he who toucheth the carcase of any of those things (that may have fallen) into the water shall be unclean.

Leviticus 11:37
JPS 11:37 And if aught of their carcass fall upon any sowing seed which is to be sown, it is clean.
ONK 11:37 And if a part of their carcase fall upon any seeding seed which is to be sown, it is clean;
PAL 11:37 And if any part of their carcase fall in the way upon seed that is to be sown, that which is sown dry shall be clean;

Leviticus 11:38
JPS 11:38 But if water be put upon the seed, and aught of their carcass fall thereon, it is unclean unto you.
ONK 11:38 but if water be put upon the seed, and a part of their carcase fall thereupon, it is unclean to you.
PAL 11:38 but if the carcase of any of them fall upon water that is put upon the seed when so wetted, the seed is unclean to you.

Leviticus 11:39
JPS 11:39 And if any beast, of which ye may eat, die, he that toucheth the carcass thereof shall be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:39 And if any one of the cattle of which you eat die, whosoever toucheth its carcase shall be unclean until the evening.
PAL 11:39 And if the limb of any clean beast that you may eat be torn and it die, whosoever toucheth its carcase shall be unclean until the evening.

Leviticus 11:40
JPS 11:40 And he that eateth of the carcass of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even; he also that beareth the carcass of it shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the even.
ONK 11:40 And he who eateth of its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening. And he who may carry its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening.
PAL 11:40 He who eateth of its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean until the evening; and he who carrieth its carcase shall wash his clothes, and be unclean till evening.

Leviticus 11:41
JPS 11:41 And every swarming thing that swarmeth upon the earth is a detestable thing; it shall not be eaten.
ONK 11:41 And every reptile that creepeth upon the ground is abominable, it shall not be eaten.
PAL 11:41 And every reptile that creepeth on the ground is an abomination, it shall not be eaten.

Leviticus 11:42
JPS 11:42 Whatsoever goeth upon the belly, and whatsoever goeth upon all fours, or whatsoever hath many feet, even all swarming things that swarm upon the earth, them ye shall not eat; for they are a detestable thing.
ONK 11:42 Whatsoever goeth upon its belly, and whatever goeth upon four, anything that hath many feet, and every reptile that creepeth upon the ground, you shall not eat, for they are an abomination.(22)
PAL 11:42 And whatever goeth upon its belly, and whatever animal crawleth upon four, from the serpent unto the caterpillar which hath many feet, of any reptile that creepeth upon the ground you may not eat, for they are an abomination.
JER 11:42 Whatsoever writhes upon its belly among all animals.

Leviticus 11:43
JPS 11:43 Ye shall not make yourselves detestable with any swarming thing that swarmeth, neither shall ye make yourselves unclean with them, that ye should be defiled thereby.
ONK 11:43 Ye shall not make yourselves abominable with your animals by any reptile that creepeth, nor make yourselves unclean, nor be polluted by them, lest by them you be made unclean.
PAL 11:43 You shall not contaminate your souls by any reptile that creepeth, nor defile yourselves with them, lest by them you make yourselves unclean.

Leviticus 11:44
JPS 11:44 For I am the LORD your God; sanctify yourselves therefore, and be ye holy; for I am holy; neither shall ye defile yourselves with any manner of swarming thing that moveth upon the earth.
ONK 11:44 For I am the Lord your God; sanctify yourselves and be holy, for I am Holy; that you may not contaminate your souls with any reptile which creepeth upon the ground;
PAL 11:44 For I am the Lord your God; therefore sanctify yourselves, and be holy, for I am Holy, and defile not your souls by any reptile that creepeth upon the ground:

Leviticus 11:45
JPS 11:45 For I am the LORD that brought you up out of the land of Egypt, to be your God; ye shall therefore be holy, for I am holy.
ONK 11:45 for I am the Lord who brought you up from the land of Mizraim to be unto you a God; and you shall be holy, for I am Holy.
PAL 11:45 for I am the Lord who have brought you up free from the land of Mizraim, that I may be a God to you; and you may be holy, for I am Holy.

Leviticus 11:46
JPS 11:46 This is the law of the beast, and of the fowl, and of every living creature that moveth in the waters, and of every creature that swarmeth upon the earth;
ONK 11:46 This is the law of the cattle, and of the fowl, and of every living animal that moveth in the waters, and of every living thing that moveth on the ground,
PAL 11:46 This is the decree of the law concerning beasts, and birds, and every living animal that creepeth upon the ground;

Leviticus 11:47
JPS 11:47 to make a difference between the unclean and the clean, and between the living thing that may be eaten and the living thing that may not be eaten.
ONK 11:47 for making a distinction between the unclean and the clean, between the animal that may be eaten, and the animal that may not be eaten.
PAL 11:47 for making distinction between the unclean and the clean; between the animal whose flesh may be eaten, and the animal whose flesh may not be eaten.