Matzah=Emunah=Yeshua

excerpt taken from: THE MEANING OF THE PASSOVER SYMBOLS

By Kimberly Rogers
Passover is traditionally viewed as a Jewish holiday. It is, rather, a Biblical Feast that has been performed the
same way for over 3,500 years starting with the Hebrews and Gentiles that left Egypt together during the first Exodus
(Exodus 12:38).

Several items are placed on the Passover Seder (supper) plate. Each of these has specific meaning
associated with our Messiah, Yeshua, and the Children of Abraham, also referred to as The Children of Israel.
Passover, as with all the Feasts, are associated with prophecies of Yeshua, both for His first coming and His
second. There is great knowledge associated with the symbolism of the Passover and wonderful blessings for Believers
who keep God’s appointed times (moedim: pronounced mow-ed-eem) ± the times He said we were to have ³an
appointment´ with Him.

Matzah (Unleavened Bread):
Unleavened bread has the properties in its appearance of being beaten, striped and bruised. For the last 3,500
years, these have represented Yeshua’s physical state at the time of His crucifixion.
Each Seder table is provided with 3 Matzahs hidden in a 3-pocketed ³napkin´. One whole piece of Matzah is
placed in each pocket. The 3 Matzah’s represent God’s 3 manifestations as Father, Son and Holy Spirit. The first
Matzah represents God, the Father. The middle Matzah represents Yeshua. At a point during the ritual, middle Matzah
is broken, then hidden by adults to be found by children later at a specified time. The Matzah, Yeshua who is our
unleavened bread, was broken for our sins, wrapped in a white burial cloth, placed in a tomb (hidden), and then arose
from the dead (was found again).The hidden Matzah is called the ³afikomen´, a Greek word meaning ³that which comes
last´. It also represents Yeshua’s final return to earth. The 3rd Matzah represents the Holy Spirit.

Shalom,
Kimberly Rogers
Permission is granted to reprint and GIVE AWAY copies of this article. Changing this article in any way is a violation of
copyright laws and is prohibited. Copyright 2008.




Manna aka Matzah

The promise is that at the end of the journey lies the “happy ending” — the Land flowing with milk and honey. But unlike in fairy tales, the path through the speaking, teaching Wilderness of reality is long and arduous, twisting and turning in frightening ways. Each twist and turn in the journey comes to teach a new aspect of faith in G-d: faith in the miracles that take place in and through the workings of nature (“and they BELIEVED in HaShem and in Moses his servant”, Ex. 14:31); faith in the miracles through which we receive our livelihood (the root of MANNA is the same as EMUNAH, faith); faith in G-d’s miraculous power to heal through our keeping the Torah (“I, HaShem am your healer” Ex. 15:26); faith in G-d’s power to conquer the forces of evil (“and his hands were faith” Ex. 17:12).

Faith is the sustenance needed to survive in the wilderness of this world and to reach the promised “inhabited land” (Ex. 16:35) that surely lies at the end of the road. The very twists and turns in the road are trials sent to bring us nearer to this sustaining faith. For that reason, it is not written (Ex. 14:10) that “Pharaoh drew near” (KARAV, Pa’al verbal form) to the Children of Israel, but rather, Pharaoh HIKRIV, Hif’il verbal form — “Pharaoh BROUGHT closer” (see Rashi ad loc.). I.e. Pharaoh brought the Children of Israel closer: his very onslaught and the fear it caused brought them closer to G-d, forcing them to turn to Him in prayer and faith.

excerpt taken from:

UNIVERSAL TORAH: BESHALACH

By Rabbi Avraham Greenbaum

Parsha 17

Read more

Parsha Beshalach Palestinian with Jerusalem fragments

 Jonathan Ben Uzziel/Palestinian with Jerusalem fragments
BESHALACH
17 And it was when Pharoh had released the people, that the Lord did not conduct them by the way of the land of the Phelishtaee, though that was the near one; for the Lord said, Lest the people be affrighted in seeing their brethren who were killed in war, two hundred thousand men of strength of the tribe of Ephraim, who took shields, and lances, and weapons of war, and went down to Gath to carry off the flocks of the Phelishtaee; and because they transgressed against the statute of the Word of the Lord, and went forth from Mizraim three years before the (appointed) end of their servitude, they were delivered into the hand of the Phelishtaee, who slew them. These are the dry bones which the Word of the Lord restored to life by the ministry (hand) of Yechezekel the prophet, in the vale of Dura; but which, if they (now) saw them, they would be afraid, and return into Mizraim. 18 But the Lord led the people round by the way of the desert of the sea of Suph; and every one of the sons of Israel, with five children, went up from the land of Mizraim. 19 And Mosheh carried up the ark in which were the bones of Joseph, from out of the Nilos, and took them with him; because, adjuring, he adjured the sons of Israel, saying, The Lord will surely remember you, and you shall carry up my bones with you.

20 And they journeyed from Succoth, the place where they had been covered with the clouds of glory, and sojourned in Ethan, which is on the side of the desert. [Jerusalem. 18. And the Word of the Lord conducted the people by the way of the desert of the sea of Suph; armed in good works went up the sons of Israel, free from the land of Mizraim. 19. For, adjuring, he adjured the sons of Israel, saying, The Lord remembering, will remember you in His Word, and in His good mercies. 20. Which cometh upon the end of the desert.] 21 And the glory of the Shekinah of the Lord went before them by day in the column of the Cloud to lead them in the way, and at night the column of the Cloud removed behind them to darken on their pursuers behind them; but to be a column of fire to enlighten them before, that they might go forward by day and by night. 22 The column of the Cloud departed not by day, nor the column of fire by night, in leading on before the people. [Jerusalem. 22 It ceased not.]

EXODUS 14 (PAL) — 1 And the Lord spake to Mosheh, saying, 2 Speak to the sons of Israel, that they return back, and encamp before the Mouths of Hiratha,(15) as they lie, created after the manner (likeness) of the children of men, male and female, and their eyes open to them: it is the place of Tanes, which is between Migdol and the sea, before the idol Zephon (Typhon), that is left of all the idols of Mizraim. For the Mizraee will say, More excellent is Baal Zephon than all idols, because it is left, and not smitten; and therefore will they come to worship it, and will find that you are encamped nigh unto it, on the border of the sea.

3 And Pharoh said to Dathan and Abiram, sons of Israel, who had remained in Mizraim, The people of the house of Israel are bewildered in the land: the idol Zephon hath shut them in close upon the desert. [Jerusalem. 2. And they shall return and encamp before the caravansaries of Hiratha, between Migdol and the sea, before the idol of Zephon, ye shall encamp over against it. 3 And Pharoh will say concerning the people of the sons of Israel, They are losing themselves in the wilderness: the idol of Peor hath shut them in before the desert.] 4 And I will strengthen the design. of Pharoh’s heart to pursue after them, and I will be glorified upon Pharoh and upon his hosts, and the Mizraee shall know that I am the Lord. And they did so.

5 And the officers(16) who went with Israel announced that the people had fled. [Jerusalem. 5 And it was declared to the king.] And the heart of Pharoh and his servants was turned unto evil against the people; and they said, What is this that we have done? for we have released Israel from serving us. 6 And he himself prepared his chariot, and his people led he with him by soft words. 7 And he took six hundred choice chariots, and all the chariots of the Mizraee his servants, who were afraid of the Word of the Lord, lest they should be killed with pestilence, if not with hail: and a third mule, for drawing and following swiftly, he added to each chariot. 8 And the Lord hardened the design of the heart of Pharoh, king of Mizraim, and he pursued after the sons of Israel. But the sons of Israel, going out with a high hand, were stronger than the Mizraee. 9 And the Mizraee followed after them, and came upon them as they were encamped by the sea, gathering of pearls and goodly stones, which the river Pishon had carried from the garden of Eden into the Gihon, and the Gihon had carried into the sea of Suph, and the sea of Suph had cast upon its bank. But all the chariot-horses of Pharoh, and his horsemen, and his hosts (were coming) towards the Mouths of Hiratha, which are before the idol Zephon. [Jerusalem. 8. But the sons of Israel had gone out free….9 Before the caravansaries of Hiratha,—before the idol Zephon.] 10 And Pharoh saw the idol Zephon (still) preserved, and offered oblations before it. And the children of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Mizraee were pursuing them; and they were sorely afraid, and the children of Israel prayed before the Lord. 11 But the wicked generation said to Mosheh, Because there were no places of burial for us in Mizraim, hast thou led us forth to die in the wilderness? What hast thou done to us, in bringing us out of Mizraim? 12 Was not this the word that we spake to thee in Mizraim, Let the Lord manifest Himself over us and judge, saying, Desist from us, and we will serve the Mizraee? for it is better for us to serve the Mizraee than to perish in the desert.

13 Four parties were made (among) the sons of Israel on the shore of the Weedy Sea: one said, Let us go down into the sea; another said, Let us return into Mizraim; another said, Let us set against them the line of battle; and another said, Let us raise a cry against them, and confound them. Unto the company which said, Let us go down to the sea, spake Mosheh, Fear not, stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord, which will be wrought for you today. To the company which said, Let us return into Mizraim, Mosheh said, You shall not return; for, though you see the Mizraee today, you will see them no more for ever. 14 To the company who said, Let us set against them the line of battle, said Mosheh, Contend not; for the victory shall be wrought among you from the presence of the Lord. And to the company who said, Let us raise a cry against them, Mosheh said, Be silent; and give the glory, and praise, and exaltation to your God.

15 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Why standest thou praying before Me? Behold, the prayers of My people have come before thy own: speak to the sons of Israel, that they go forward; 16 and thou, lift up thy rod, and stretch forth thy hand with it over the sea, and divide it: and the sons of Israel shall go through the midst of the sea upon the ground. 17 For, behold, I will harden the design of the heart of the Mizraee, and they will go in after them; and I will be glorified upon Pharoh and upon all his hosts, upon his chariots and his horsemen; 18 that the Mizraee may know that I am the Lord, when I am glorified upon Pharoh, upon his chariots and horsemen.

[Jerusalem. 13. Four companies made the sons of Israel, standing by the Weedy Sea. One said, Let us fall upon tbe sea; another said, Let us return to Mizraim; another said, Let us array battle against them; and another said, Let us shout against them to confuse them. To that company who said, Let us fall upon the sea, Mosheh said, Fear not; stand still, and see the salvation of the Lord which shall be wrought for you this day. To the company who said, We will return unto Mizraim, Mosheh said, Fear not; for as you have seen the Mizraee today, you will see them no more in bondage for ever. 14 To the company who said. We will array battle against them, Mosheh said, Fear not; the Lord, in the glory of His Shekinah, will work the victory for your hosts. To the company who had said, Let us shout against them to confound them, Mosheh said, Fear not; stand and be silent; and give the glory, and praise, and exaltation unto Eloha. 15. And the Word of the Lord said to Mosheh, How long standest thou praying before Me? Heard before Me are thy prayers; but the prayers of My people have preceded thine. Speak to the sons of Israel that they go forward; 16 and thou, lift up thy rod and stretch forth thy hand.]

19 And the Angel of the Lord who led the way before the hosts of Israel went and came behind them; and the column of the Cloud went from before and stood behind them: because the Mizraee threw darts and stones at the Israelites, but the Cloud intercepted them; 20 and it came between the host of Israel and the host of the Mizraee; a cloud, one half of which was light and one half darkness. On the one side it darkened upon the Mizraee, and on the other side it shined upon Israel all night; and one host did not attack the other all the night.

21 And Mosheh stretched out his hand over the sea, with the great and glorious rod which was created at the beginning, and on which were engraven and set forth the Great and Glorious Name, and the ten signs which had smitten the Mizraee, and the three fathers of the world, and the six mothers, and the twelve tribes of Jakob: and straightway the Lord brought a vehement east wind upon the sea all night, and made the sea dry; and divided the waters into twelve divisions, according to the twelve tribes of Jacob. [Jerusalem. 20. And the cloud was half light and half darkness: light, it enlightened upon Israel; and darkness, it darkened upon Mizraim. And those came not against these, to set battle in order, all the night. 21. And he stretched forth.] 22 And the children of Israel went through the midst of the sea upon the ground, and the waters were congealed like a wall, three hundred miles on their right hand and on their left.

23 And the Mizraee followed and went in after them, all the horses of Pharoh, and his chariots and horsemen, into the midst of the sea. 24 And it was that in the morning watch, at the time that the powers on high come to offer praise, the Lord looked forth with anger upon the hosts of the Mizraee from the column of fire, to hurl upon them flakes of fire and hail, and from the column of cloud, and confounded the host of the Mizraee; 25 and He brake (or, made rough) the wheels of Pharoh’s carriages, so that they drave them with hardship, and that they went on and left them behind. And the Mizraee said one to another, Let us flee from the people of the house of Israel; for this is the Word of the Lord who fought for them in Mizraim.

26 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Stretch forth thy hand over the sea, that the waters may return upon the Mizraee, upon their chariots and upon their horsemen. 27 And Mosheh stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned at the time of the morning unto its strength; and the Mizraee fled from before its waves. And the Lord strengthened the Mizraee in the midst of the sea, that they should not (soon) die in the midst of it, that they might receive the punishment which had been sent to them. [Jerusalem. 24. And it was in the time of the morning that the Word of the Lord looked upon the host of the Mizraee, and hurled upon them bitumen (naphtha), and fire, and stones of hail, and conturbed the host of the Mizraee. 25 And he unloosed the wheels of their carriages, so that they went, dragging them after them: the mules, going, after their way, before the wheels, were turned, so as that the wheels went before the mules, and they were cast into the sea. The Mizraee answered and said one to another, Let us flee from before the people of the sons of Israel; for this is the Word of the Lord who worketh victory for them in their battles; so that they set the back against Mizraim. 26. Stretch forth. 27. And Mosheh stretched forth his hand over the sea, and the sea returned at the time of the morning to its place.] 28 And the waves of the sea returned, and covered the chariots, and the horsemen, and all the host of Pharoh who had gone in after them, into the sea, not one among them was left. 29 But the sons of Israel walked on the ground in the midst of the sea, and the waters to them were as walls on their right hand and on their left. 30 That day the Lord redeemed and saved Israel from the hand of the Mizraee; and Israel saw the Mizraee, dead and not dead, cast upon the shore of the sea. 31 And Israel saw the power of the mighty hand by which the Lord had wrought the miracles in Mizraim; and the people feared before the Lord, and believed in the Name of the Word of the Lord, and in the prophecies of Mosheh His servant.

EXODUS 15 (PAL) — 1 Behold: then sang Mosheh and the sons of Israel this song of praise before the Lord, and saying they said:

Thanksgiving and praise we bring before the Lord Most High, who is glorified above the glorious, and exalted above the exalted; who punisheth by His Word whomsoever glorifieth himself before Him.

Therefore when Pharoh the wicked bare himself proudly before the Lord, and, being uplifted in his heart, followed after the people of the sons of Israel, their horses and their chariots He threw and buried in the sea of Suph.

[Jerusalem. 1 Then sang Mosheh and the sons of Israel the praise of this song before the Lord, saying, to say: Thanksgiving and praise bring we before the Lord, who is high above the highest, and glorified above the glorious, and who punisheth by His Word whomsoever glorifieth himself before Him. The horses and their riders, because they bare themselves proudly and followed after the people of the house of Israel, He hath thrown and buried in the sea of Suph.]

2 The Lord is Mighty, and greatly to be feared over all the world. He spake in His Word, and became to me a God of salvation.

From their mothers’ breasts even the children have given signs with their fingers to their fathers, and said, This is our God, who nourished us with honey from the rock, and with oil from the stone of clay, at the time when our mothers went forth upon the face of the field to give us birth, and leave us there; and He sent an angel who washed us and enwrapped us; and now will we praise Him; He is the God of our fathers, and we will exalt Him.

3 The sons of Israel said, The Lord is a man making war for us: from generation to generation He maketh known His power unto the people of the house of Israel. The Lord is His Name; according to His Name, so is His power; His Name shall be blessed for ever and ever.

4 The chariots of Pharoh and his hosts He hath cast into the sea; the goodliest of his young men hath He thrown and drowned in the sea of Suph. 5 The deep covered them over, they went down, and are buried in the depths of the sea, and are silent as a stone.

6 Thy right hand, O Lord, how glorious is it in power! Thy right hand, O Lord, hath cut off the adversaries of Thy people who rose against them to do them hurt. And in the plenitude and greatness of Thy majesty Thou hast destroyed the walls of the enemies of Thy people.

7 Thou wilt pour upon them Thy fierce anger, Thou wilt consume them as the burning fire prevails over the stubble. 8 For by the Word from before Thee the waters became heaps; they stood, as if bound like skins that confine flowing water, and the depths were congealed in the flood of the great sea.

9 Pharoh the wicked, the hater and adversary, did say, I will follow after the people of the sons of Israel, and will lay waste their camp on the bank of the sea: I will set war in array against them, and kill them, small and great, despoil them of much spoil, bring them back into great captivity, and divide their substance among my people who make war: and when my soul is satisfied with the blood of their slain, I will sheathe my sword, having destroyed them with my right hand.

[Jerusalem. 2 The Lord is Mighty, and greatly to be praised and feared over all the world. He spake in His Word, and for us became salvation.

[From their mothers’ breasts have even the children given signs with their fingers unto the fathers, and have said to them, This is our Father, who nourished us with honey from the rock, and gave us oil from the stone of clay.

[The sons of Israel answered and said one to another, He is our God, and we will praise Him; the God of our fathers, and we will exalt Him.

[3 The Lord in the glory of His Shekinah is He who worketh victory for your arms. From one generation to another He maketh known His power to the people of the house of Israel.

[His Name is the Lord: as is His Name, so is His power; let His name be glorified for ever and ever.

[4 Upon the chariots of Pharoh and his host He shot arrows in the sea; his goodly young men and his men of strength He hath drowned in the sea of Suph. 6 How glorious is Thy right hand, O Lord, in power, which hath broken and shattered the walls of the enemies of Thy people!

[9 Pharoh the wicked, the hater and adversary, did say, I will follow after the people of the sons of Israel, and will overtake them encamped at the side of the sea. I will lead them captive into great captivity, and despoil them of great spoil; I will divide their substance among my men of war; and when my soul shall be satisfied with them, I will sheathe my sword, when I shall have destroyed them with my right hand.]

10 Thou didst blow with the wind from before Thee, O Lord, and the waves of the sea covered them; they went down, and sank as lead in the proud waters.

11 Who is like Thee among the exalted gods, O Lord, who is like Thee, glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders and manifestations for Thy people, the house of Israel?

12 The sea spake to the earth, Receive thy children: but the earth spake to the sea, Receive thy murderers. And the sea was not willing to overwhelm them, and the earth was not willing to swallow them up. The earth was afraid to receive them, lest they should be required from her in the day of the great judgment in the world to come, even as the blood of Habel will be required of her: whereupon Thou, Lord, didst stretch forth Thy right hand in swearing to the earth that in the world to come they should not be required of her. And the earth opened her mouth and consumed them.

[Jerusalem. 12 The sea and the earth had controversy one with the other. The sea said to the earth, Receive thy children; and the earth said to the sea, Receive thy murderers. But the earth willed not to swallow them, and the sea willed not to overwhelm them. And by the Word from before Thee Thou didst stretch forth Thy right hand in oath, and didst swear unto the earth that Thou wilt not require them of her in the world to come. Then did the earth open her mouth and swallow them up.]

13 Thou hast led in Thy mercy the people whom Thou hast redeemed, and given them the heritage of the mountain of Thy sanctuary, the place of the dwelling of Thy holy Shekinah.

14 The nations will hear and be afraid; terror will lay hold upon them, even upon all the pillars of the inhabitants of the Palestinian land. 15 Behold, then will the princes of the Edomaee be confounded, the strong ones of Moaba will be seized with fear, their heart within them will melt away, even all the pillars of the inhabitants of the Kenaanian land.

16 Through the power of Thy mighty arm, let the terrors of death fall upon them, let them be silent as a stone, till the time when Thy people, Lord, shall have passed the streams of Arnona, till the time when Thy people whom Thou didst ransom shall have crossed the dividing current of Jabeka.

17 Thou wilt bring them in, and plant them on the mountain of Thy sanctuary, the place which Thou hast provided before the throne of Thy glory, the house of Thy holy Shekinah, which Thou, O Lord, hast prepared, Thy sanctuary that with both hands Thou hast established.

18 When the people of the house of Israel beheld the signs and manifestations which the Holy One, whose Name be praised, had done at the sea of Suph, and the power of His hand, the children of the captives answering said one to the other, Come, and let us set the crown of majesty on the head of our Redeemer, who maketh to pass over, and passeth not; who changeth, and is not changed; whose is the crown of the kingdom; the King of kings in this world; whose, too, is the kingdom in the world to come, for ever and ever.

[Jerusalem. 16. Thou wilt make the terror of death to fall upon them and undoing, by the power of Thy mighty arm, that they shall be as silent as a stone, until this people whom Thou hast redeemed shall have gone over the dividing stream of Jobeka and that of Jardena; till this people shall have passed over whom Thou hast ransomed for Thy Name. 17. Thou wilt bring them in, and wilt plant them in the mountain of Thy inheritance, the dwelling of the glory of Thy holiness, which Thou, Lord, hast prepared for Thyself, the sanctuary of the Lord that with both hands He hath established. 18. When the house of Israel had beheld the signs and wonders that the Holy One, Blessed be He, had wrought for them at the border of the sea,—let His great Name be blessed for ever and ever,—they gave glory and thanksgiving and exaltation unto their God. The sons of Israel answered and said one to another, Come, let us set the crown upon the head of the Redeemer, who causeth to pass over, but is not passed; who changeth, but is not changed; the King of kings in this world; whose, too, is the crown of the kingdom of the world to come, and whose it will be for ever and ever.]

19 For Pharoh’s horses with his chariots and horsemen went into the sea, and the Lord made the waters of the sea to return upon them; but the sons of Israel walked upon the land in the midst of the sea, and there did spring up sweet fountains and trees yielding food and verdure and ripe fruits, (even) on the ground of the sea.

20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aharon, took a tambourine in her hand, and all the women came out after her, dancing with tambourines and playing on instruments. [Jerusalem. 20 With tambourines dancing.] 21 And Miriam sang to them, Let us give thanks and praise before the Lord, for might and supremacy are His; above the proud He is glorified, and above the lofty He is exalted. When the wicked Pharoh in his pride followed after the people of the sons of Israel, his horses and his chariots did He cast and drown in the sea of Suph.

22 And Mosheh made Israel go forward from the sea of Suph, and they went forth into the wilderness of Chalutsa. [Jerusalem. 22 The way of Chalutsa.] And they journeyed three days in the desert, empty of instruction, and found no water. 23 And they came to Marah, but could not drink the waters of Marah because they were bitter; therefore he called the name of it Marah, 24 And the people murmured against Mosheh, saying, What shall we drink? [Jerusalem. 24 And the people contended.] 25 And he prayed before the Lord, and the Lord showed him the bitter tree of Ardiphne;(17) and he wrote upon it the great and glorious Name, and cast it into the midst of the waters, and the waters were rendered sweet. And there did the Word of the Lord appoint to him the ordinance of the sabbath, and the statute of honouring father and mother, the judgments concerning wounds and bruises, and the punishments wherewith offenders are punished; and there he tried (them) with the tenth trial, 26 and said, If you will truly hearken to the Word of the Lord your God, and do that which is right before Him, and will listen to His precepts and keep all His statutes, all those evil things that I laid upon the Mizraee I will not lay upon thee: but if thou wilt transgress against the word of the law, upon thee shall they be sent. If thou convert, I will remove them from thee; for I am the Lord thy Healer, [Jerusalem. 25. And Mosheh prayed before the Lord, and the Word of the Lord showed him the tree of Ardiphene, and he cast it into the midst of the waters, and the waters were made sweet. There did the Word of the Lord show unto him statutes and orders of judgment, and there He tried him with trials in the tenth trial. 26. For I am the Lord who healeth thee by My Word.] 27 And they came to Elim; and in Elim were twelve fountains of water, a fountain for each tribe; and seventy palm-trees, corresponding with the seventy elders of Israel: and they encamped there by the waters. [Jerusalem. 27 And they came to Elim, where were twelve fountains of water, answering to the twelve tribes of Israel, and seventy palm-trees, answering to the seventy elders of the sanhedrin of Israel.]

EXODUS 16 (PAL) — 1 And the whole congregation of Israel journeyed from Elim, and came to the desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the month of Ijar, the second month from their going forth from the land of Mizraim. And on that day the bread which they had brought out of Mizraim was finished. 2 And all the sons of Israel grumbled against Mosheh and against Aharon in the desert. 3 And the sons of Israel said to them, Would that we had died by the Word of the Lord in the land of Mizraim, when we sat by the cisterns of meat, and ate bread and had enough! Why hast thou brought us out into this wilderness to kill all this congregation with hunger? 4 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Behold, I will cause the bread which hath been laid up for you from the beginning to descend from heaven: and the people shall go out and gather the matter of a day by the day, that I may try them whether they will keep the commandments of My law or not. 5 And on the sixth day they shall prepare what they set before them to eat on the day of the Sabbath; and they shall mix in the houses and communicate in their dwellings, so that by carrying this to that, they may have double of that which they gather from day to day.

6 And Mosheh and Aharon said to all the sons of Israel, At evening you shall know that the Lord hath brought you out free from the land of Mizraim; 7 and in the morning will be revealed to you the glory of the Shekinah of the Lord; and we, what are we accounted, that you complain against us? [Jerusalem. 7 And we, what are we accounted?] 8 And Mosheh said, By this you shall know, when the Lord prepareth you at evening flesh to eat, and in the morning bread to satisfy, that your complainings wherewith you complain against Him are heard before the Lord. And we, what are we accounted? Your complaints are not against us, but against the Word of the Lord. 9 And Mosheh said to Aharon, Bid all the congregation of the sons of Israel draw nigh before the Lord; for your murmurings are heard before Him.

10 And it was while Aharon was speaking with all the congregation of Israel that they turned towards the desert, and, behold, the glory of the majesty of the Lord was revealed in the cloud of glory. 11 And the Lord spake to Mosheh, saying, 12 Hearing I have heard the murmurings of the sons of Israel before Me. Speak thou with them, saying, Between the evenings (suns) you shall eat flesh, and in the morning shall you eat bread, and shall know that I am the Lord your God.

13 And it came to pass, that in the evening the pheasants(18) came up and covered the camp; and in the morning there was a fall of holy dew, prepared as a table, round about the camp: 14 and the clouds ascended and caused manna to descend upon the dew; and there was upon the face of the desert a minute (substance) in lines,(19) minute as the hoar frost upon the ground. [Jerusalem. 14 As hoar frost.] 15 And the sons of Israel beheld, and wondered, and said, a man to his companion, Man Hu?(20) for they knew not what it was. And Mosheh said to them, It is the bread which hath been laid up for you from the beginning in the heavens on high, and now the Lord will give it you to eat. 16 This is the word which the Lord hath dictated: You are to gather of it, every man according to the number of your souls; every man according to the mouth of the number of the persons of his tabernacle, are you to take. 17 And the sons of Israel did so, and gathered manna more or less; 18 but when they measured by the homer, nothing remained above the measure of him who had gathered much; and he who had gathered little, wanted nothing of the measure: every man according to the mouth of his eating, so they gathered. 19 And Mosheh said to them, Let no man make a reserve of it till the morning. 20 But (some of them) hearkened not to Mosheh: Dathan and Abiram, men of wickedness, did reserve of it till the morning; but it produced worms and putrefied; and Mosheh was angry with them. 21 And they gathered from the time of the dawn until the fourth hour of the day, every man according to his eating; but at the fourth hour, when the sun, had waxed hot upon it, it liquefied, and made streams of water [Jerusalem. 21 Became as streams], which flowed away into the Great Sea; and wild animals that were clean, and cattle, came to drink of it, and the sons of Israel hunted, and ate them. 22 And it came to pass on the sixth day they gathered double bread, two homers a man; and all the princes of the congregation came and told Mosheh. 23 And Mosheh said to them, This which the Lord hath told you, do. Tomorrow is the rest of the holy Sabbath before the Lord: That which is needful to have to bake for tomorrow, bake today; and what is needful to boil for tomorrow, boil today: and all whatever remaineth of that which you eat today lay it up, and it shall be preserved until the morning. 24 And they laid it up until the morning, as Mosheh had directed them; and it did not corrupt, and no worm was in it. 25 And Mosheh said to them, Eat today, because this is the Sabbath day before the Lord. This day you will not find any in the field. 26 Six days you shall gather, but on the seventh day, which is the Sabbath, no manna will come down. 27 And it was that on the seventh day some of the wicked of the people went forth to gather manna, but they found none. 28 And the Lord said to Mosheh, How long will ye refuse to keep My commandments and My laws? 29 Behold, because I have given you the Sabbath, I gave you on the sixth day bread for two days. Let every man abide in his place, and not wander from one locality to another, beyond four yards;(21) nor let any man go forth to walk beyond two thousand yards on the seventh day; 30 for the people shall repose on the seventh day.

31 And the house of Israel called the name of it Manna; and it was like the seed of coriander,(22) white, and the taste of it like preparations of honey. [Jerusalem. 31 Like the seed of coriander, and the taste of it like confections of honey.] 32 And Mosheh said, This is the thing which the Lord hath commanded—to lay up of it a homer-full to keep in your generations; that perverse generations may see the bread which you have eaten in the wilderness, in your coming forth out of the land of Mizraim. 33 And Mosheh said to Aharon, Take one earthen vase, and put therein a full homera of manna, and lay it up before the Lord to be kept unto your generations. 34 As the Lord commanded Mosheh, so did Aharon lay it up before the testimony to be kept. 35 And the children of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to an inhabited land: manna did they eat forty days after his death, until they had passed the Jordena, and entered upon the borders of the land of Kenaan. 36 And a homera is one tenth of three seahs.

EXODUS 17 (PAL) — 1 And all the congregation of the sons of Israel journejed from the desert of Sin by their journeyings according to the word of the Lord, and they encamped in Rephidim, a place where their hands were idle in the commandments of the law, and the fountains were dry, and there was no water for the people to drink. 2 And the wicked of the people contended with Mosheh, and said, Give us water, that we may drink. And Mosheh said to them, Why contend you with me? and why tempt you before the Lord? 3 But the people were athirst for water, and the people murmured against Mosheh, and said, Why hast thou made us come up out of Mizraim, to kill us, and our children, and our cattle with thirst? 4 And Mosheh prayed before the Lord, saying, What shall I do for this people? Yet a very little, and they will stone me. 5 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Pass over before the people, and take with thee some of the elders of Israel, and the rod with which thou didst smite the river take in thy hand, and go from the face of their murmuring. 6 Behold, I will stand before thee there, on the spot where thou sawest the impress(23) of the foot on Horeb; and thou shall smite the rock with thy rod, and therefrom shall come forth waters for drinking, and the people shall drink. 7 And Mosheh did so before the elders of Israel. And he called the name of that place Temptation and Strife; because there the sons of Israel contended with Mosheh, and because they tempted the Lord, saying, Doth the glory of the majesty of the Lord truly dwell among us, or not?

8 And Amalek came from the land of the south, and leaped on that night a thousand and six hundred miles; and on account of the disagreement which had been between Esau and Jakob, he came and waged war with Israel in Rephidim, and took and killed (some of the) men of the house of Dan; for the cloud did not embrace them, because of the strange worship that was among them. 9 And Mosheh said to Jehoshua, Choose such men as are strong in the precepts, and victorious in fight; and go, under the Cloud of glory, and set battle in array against the hosts of Amalek. Tomorrow I will stand, prepared with fasting, with the righteous fathers of the chiefs of the people, and the righteous mothers who are like the hills, with the rod with which the miracles have been wrought from before the Lord, in my hand. 10 And Jehoshua did as Mosheh had bidden him, to wage war with Amalek. And Mosheh, and Aharon, and Hur went up to the top of the height. 11 And it was, when Mosheh lifted up his hands in prayer, that the house of Israel prevailed; and when he rested his hand from praying, that the house of Amalek prevailed. 12 And the hands of Mosheh were heavy, because the conflict was prolonged till the morrow, and the deliverance of Israel was not prepared on that day; and he could not hold them up in prayer; on which account he would have afflicted his soul. And they took a stone, and placed it under him, and he sat upon it; and Aharon and Hur supported his hands, this the one, and that the other; and his hands were outstretched with firmness (or, fidelity), in prayer and fasting, until the going down of the sun. [Jerusalem. 11. And it was that when Mosheh lifted up his hands in prayer, the house of Israel prevailed; and when his hands declined from prayer, Amalek prevailed; and (Israel) fell in the line of battle. 12. And the hands of Mosheh were lifted up in prayer.] 13 And Jehoshua shattered Amalek, and cut off the heads of the strong men of his people, by the mouth of the Word of the Lord, with the slaughter of the sword.

14 And the Lord said unto Mosheh, Write this memorial in the book of the elders that were of old, and these words in the hearing of Jehoshua, that blotting, I will blot out the memory of Amalek from under the heavens. 15 And Mosheh builded an altar, and called the name of it, The Word of the Lord is my banner; for the sign which He hath wrought (in this) place was on my behalf. 16 And he said, Because the Word of the Lord hath sworn by the throne of His glory, that He by His Word will fight against those of the house of Amalek, and destroy them unto three generations; from the generation of this world, from the generation of the Meshiha, and from the generation of the world to come. [Jerusalem. 16. And he said, The oath hath come forth from beneath the throne of the Great One, of all the world the Lord; the first king who will sit upon the throne of the kingdom of the sons of Israel, Shaul, the son of Kish, will set the battle in array against the house of Amalek, and will slay them; and those of them that remain will Mardekai and Esther destroy. The Lord hath said by His Word that the memory of Amalek shall perish to the age of ages.]

Parsha BESHALLACH (ONKELOS)

BESHALLACH (When he let go)

17 And it was when Pharoh had sent the people away, that the Lord led them not by the way of the land of the Philistaee because it was the nearest: for the Lord said, Lest the people be terrified at the seeing of war, and return to Mizraim. 18 But the Lord led the people round by the way of the desert to the sea of Suph; and harnessed (or girded) went the sons of Israel up out of the land of Mizraim. 19 And Mosheh brought up the bones of Joseph with him; for he had adjured the sons of Israel with an oath, saying, Remembering, the Lord will remember you, and you shall carry up my bones from hence. 20 And they journeyed from Sukkoth, and encamped in Etham, which is beside the desert. 21 And the Lord went before them by day in the column of the cloud to lead them in the way, and by night in the column of fire to enlighten them, that they might go in the day and in the night. 22 The column of the cloud by day, nor the column of the fire by night, departed not before the people.

EXODUS 14 (ONKELOS) — 1 And the Lord spake to Mosheh, saying, 2 Speak with the sons of Israel that they return and encamp before Pum Hiratha, between Migdol and the sea, before Beel Zephon: you shall encamp before it by the sea. 3 And Pharoh will say of the children of Israel, They are bewildered in the land, the desert hath got hold of them:(28) 4 and I will harden Pharoh’s heart, and he will pursue them; and I will be glorified in Pharoh and in all his host; and the Mizraee shall know that I am the Lord. And they did so. 5 And it was seen by the king of Mizraim that the people had gone. And the heart of Pharoh and of his servants was turned to the people; and they said, What is this that we have done, that we have sent Israel away from serving us? 6 And he set his chariot in order, and took his people with him. 7 He took also six hundred select chariots, and all the chariots of the Mizraee, and appointed strong men over them. 8 And the Lord hardened the heart of Pharoh king of Mizraim, and he pursued after the children of Israel. But the children of Israel went forth with uncovered head. 9 And the Mizraee followed after them, and overtook them while encamping by the sea; all the chariot horses of Pharoh, and his horsemen, and his army, by Pum Hiratha which is before Beel Zephon. 10 And Pharoh drew nigh, and the sons of Israel lifted up their eyes, and, behold, the Mizraee were coming after them: and they were greatly afraid, and the children of Israel cried before the Lord. 11 But to Mosheh they said, Was it because there were no graves in Mizraim that thou hast taken us to die in the wilderness? What is this that thou hast done to bring us out of Mizraim? 12 Was not this the word which we spake with thee in Mizraim, saying, Let us alone, and we will serve the Mizraee? for better would it have been for us to serve the Mizraee, than to die in the wilderness. 13 And Mosheh said to the people, Fear not, stand still (or, be ready) and see the Lord’s deliverance which He will work for you this day; for as you have seen the Mizraee this day, you will see them no more for ever: 14 the Lord will fight for you the fight, and you shall be quiet.

15 And the Lord said to Mosheh, I have heard thy prayer. Speak to the children of Israel that they go onward: 16 and thou, take thy rod and stretch forth thy hand over the sea, and divide it, and the children of Israel shall go in the midst of the sea on dry ground. 17 And I, behold, I will harden the hearts of the Mizraee, and they will go in after them; and I will be glorified by Pharoh and by all his army, by his chariots and his horsemen;(29) 18 and the Mizraee shall know that I am the Lord, when I have been glorified by Pharoh and his chariots and his horsemen.(30)

19 And the angel of the Lord who went before the camp of Israel passed by and came behind them; and the column of the cloud passed from before them and abode behind them. 20 And it entered between the camp of the Mizraee and the camp of Israel; and was a cloud and darkness to the Mizraee, but unto Israel a light all the night: and that came not near to this all the night.

21 And Mosheh stretched forth his hand over the sea; and the Lord drave the sea by a mighty east wind all the night, and caused the sea to be dry, and the waters were disparted; 22 and the children of Israel went into the midst of the sea upon dry ground; and the waters were to them a wall(31) on their right hand and on their left. 23 And the Mizraee followed and entered in after them, all the horses of Pharoh, and his chariots and horsemen, into the midst of the sea. 24 And it was in the morning watch that the Lord looked upon the host of the Mizraee from the column of fire and cloud, and perturbed the host of the Mizraee. 25 And he removed the wheels of the chariots, so that they drave them by strength;(32) and the Mizraee said, Let us flee from before Israel; for this is the power of the Lord which hath done battle for them against Mizraim.

26 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Stretch forth thy hand over the sea, and the waters shall return upon the Mizraee, upon their chariots and their horsemen. 27 And Mosheh stretched out his hand over the sea, and the sea returned, at the time of the morning, unto its strength; and the Mizraee fled before it; and the Lord drowned the Mizraee in the midst of the sea. 28 And the waters returned and covered the chariots and horsemen and all the host of Pharoh who had gone after them into the sea, and there remained of them not one. 29 But the children of Israel walked on dry land in the midst of the sea; and the waters were a wall to them on their right hand and on their left. 30 And the Lord delivered Israel that day from the Mizraee, and Israel saw the Mizraee dead upon the shore of the sea. 31 And Israel saw the Power of the Great Hand which the Lord had made (to appear) in Mizraim; and the people feared before the Lord, and believed in the Word of the Lord, and in the prophetic (work) of Mosheh His servant.

EXODUS 15 (ONKELOS) — 1 Then sang Mosheh and the children of Israel this hymn before the Lord; and they spake, saying, We will sing and give thanks before the Lord, because He is magnified upon the mighty, and the power is His own; the horse and his rider hath He cast into the sea. 2 My strength and my song(33) is the terrible Lord; He hath said by His Word that He will be mine to redeem. This is my God, and I will build Him a sanctuary; the God of my fathers, and I will worship before Him. 3 The Lord is the Lord of Victory in battles, the Lord is His Name. 4 The chariots of Pharoh and his horses He hath cast into the sea, his chosen warriors are drowned in the sea of Suph. 5 The depths covered them over, they went down to the bottom as a stone. 6 Thy right hand, Lord, is illustrious in power; Thy right hand, Lord, shattereth the adversary; and in the greatness of Thy might Thou hast broken down them who arose against Thy people. 7 Thou didst send forth Thy wrath, and it consumed them as stubble in the flame, 8 and by the word of Thy mouth the waters, (as if) wise, stood up like a wall; the depths were congealed in the heart of the sea. 9 The adversary said, I will pursue, I will overtake, I will divide the spoil; my soul shall be satisfied upon them; I will draw my sword, and my hand shall destroy them. 10 Thou didst speak by Thy Word, the sea covered them over, they sank like lead in the mighty waters. 11 There is none beside Thee, O God, (who art) glorious in holiness, fearful in praises, doing wonders. 12 Thou didst uplift Thy right hand, the earth swallowed them up. 13 Thou hast led forth in goodness Thy people whom Thou hast redeemed; Thou wilt bring them by Thy strength to the dwelling of Thy holiness. 14 The nations will hear it, and be moved; terror will seize on the inhabiters of Pelasheth; 15 then will the princes of Edom be alarmed, the strong ones of Moab will be seized with trembling, and they who dwell in Kenaan will be broken down. 16 Fear and dread will fall upon them, by the greatness of Thy power they will be silent as a stone, until Thy people, Lord, pass over Arnona, until Thy people whom Thou hast redeemed pass over Jardena. 17 Thou wilt bring them in, and cause them to dwell in the mountain of Thine inheritance, in the place which Thou hast ordained for the house of Thy Shekina, the sanctuary which Thy hands, O Lord, have prepared. 18 The kingdom of the Lord endureth for ever, and for ever, evermore! 19 Because, when the horses of Pharoh with his chariots and his horsemen had entered into the sea, the Lord caused the waters of the sea to return upon them, and the children of Israel walked upon dry land in the midst of the sea.

20 And Miriam the prophetess, the sister of Aharon, took the timbrel in her hand, and all the women went out after her with timbrels and choruses. 21 And Miriam answered them: Sing and give thanks before the Lord, for He hath magnified Himself upon the proud: and the majesty belongeth (only) unto Him; the horse and his rider hath He cast into the sea.

22 And Mosheh caused Israel to remove from the sea of Suph, and they went forth into the desert of Chagra, and went three days in the desert, but found no water. 23 And they came to Marah, and could not drink the waters of Marah because they were bitter; therefore he called the name of it Marah. 24 And the people were fretful against Mosheh, saying, What shall we drink? 25 And he prayed before the Lord; and the Lord instructed him (in the properties of) a tree, and he cast it into the waters, and the waters became sweet. There decreed He a statute, and a judgment, and there He tried him. 26 And He said, If hearkening thou wilt hearken unto the Word of the Lord thy God, and wilt do what is right in His eyes, and wilt listen to His precepts and keep all His statutes, none of the maladies which I have set upon Mizraim will I put upon thee; for I am the Lord thy Healer.

27 And they came to Elim, and there were twelve wells of water and seventy palm trees; and they encamped there before the waters.

EXODUS 16 (ONKELOS) — 1 And they journeyed from Elim, and came, the whole assembly of the sons of Israel, to the desert of Sin, which is between Elim and Sinai, on the fifteenth day of the second month from their outgoing from the land of Mizraim. 2 And all the congregation of the children of Israel were troublous against Mosheh and against Aharon in the desert; 3 and the children of Israel said to them, that we had died before the Lord in the land of Mizraim, when we sat by the caldrons of flesh, and could eat bread and be satisfied! Why have you brought us out into this wilderness to kill this whole assembly with famine?

4 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Behold, I will cause bread to come down to you from heaven; and the people shall go out and collect the matter of the day for the day; that I may prove them whether they will walk in My law, or not. 5 And in the sixth day, when they prepare that which they bring in, it shall be two for one upon what they collect from day to day. 6 And Mosheh and Aharon said to all the children of Israel, In the evening you shall know that the Lord brought you out of the land of Mizraim, 7 and in the morning shall you see the Glory of the Lord; for your tumults are heard before the Lord: and we—what, that you are restive against us? 8 And Mosheh said, When the Lord will give you at evening flesh to eat, and bread in the morning to satisfy, while are heard before the Lord your tumults against Him! For what are we? your tumults are not against us, but against the Word of the Lord. 9 And Mosheh said to Aharon, Bid all the congregation of the sons of Israel to come together before the Lord; for your tumult is heard before the Lord.(34) 10 And it was, while Aharon was speaking with all the congregation of the sons of Israel, that they turned towards the desert, and, behold, the glory of the Lord was revealed in the cloud.

11 And the Lord spake with Mosheh, saying, 12 The tumult of the children of Israel is heard before Me. Speak with them to say, Between the evenings you shall eat flesh, and in the morning be satisfied with bread, and you shall know that I am the Lord your God. 13 And it was in the evening that the quails came up and covered the camp; and in the morning a dew descended round about the camp; 14 and when the dew which had fallen had gone up, behold, upon the face of the desert, a small (substance) without covering,(35) small like hoar frost,(36) heaped on the earth. 15 And the sons of Israel saw, and said, a man to his brother, Mana-hu! for they knew not what it was. And Mosheh said to them, This is the bread which the Lord will give you to eat. 16 This is the word that the Lord hath commanded: Let every man gather of it according to his eating(37) an omera for every head according to the number of your souls, a man for those of his tent shall you take. 17 And the sons of Israel did so, and gathered, some more, (others) less; 18 and they measured with an omera,—and he who had (gathered) much had not more, and he who had (gathered) little had not less; every man according to his eating(38) they gathered. 19 And Mosheh said to them, No man must leave of it for the morning. 20 But they hearkened not to Mosheh, but some left for the morning, and it swarmed worms and corrupted. And Mosheh was angry with them. 21 And they gathered it from morning to morning a man according to his eating; and when the sun grew hot on that which remained upon the face of the field, it melted. 22 And it was that on the sixth day they gathered a double (quantity) of bread,(39) two omers for one: and all the chiefs of the congregation came and showed Mosheh. 23 And he said to them, Tomorrow is the rest of the holy Shabbath before the Lord. That which you prepare by baking, bake, and that which you prepare by boiling, boil, and all the remainder lay up to you, a store for the morning. 24 And they laid it up till the morning, as Mosheh had instructed; and it did not corrupt, neither were there worms in it. 25 And Mosheh said, Eat that today, for this day is Shabbath before the Lord; this day you would not find it in the field. 26 Six days you shall collect it; but on the seventh day, the Shabbath, there will be none. 27 And it was on the seventh day that some of the people went out to gather, but they found it not.

28 And the Lord said to Mosheh, How long will you be unwilling to keep My commandments and My laws? 29 See, because the Lord hath given you the Shabbath He hath therefore given you on the sixth day the bread for two days; let every man dwell in his resting, and not go out from his place on the seventh day. 30 And the people reposed on the seventh day. 31 And the house of Israel called the name of it Manna; and it was as the seed of Gida(40) white, and its taste was like cake broiled with honey. 32 And Mosheh said, This is the word which the Lord hath commanded. Fill an omera of it to be kept for your generations, that they may see the bread which I made you eat in the desert when I brought you forth from the land of Mizraim. 33 And Mosheh said to Aharon, Take one vase, and put therein an omera full of manna, and lay it up before the Lord to be preserved for your generations. 34 As the Lord commanded, so did Mosheh; and Aharon laid it up before the Testimony, to keep. 35 And the children of Israel ate the manna forty years, until they came to the land inhabited; they did eat the manna till they came to the confines of the land of Kenaan. 36 And one omera is the tenth of three seahs.

EXODUS 17 (ONKELOS) — 1 And all the congregation of the children of Israel journeyed from the desert of Sin, according to their itinerations by the Word of the Lord; and they encamped in Rephidim: but the people had no water to drink; 2 and the people were contentious with Mosheh, and said, Give us water that we may drink. And Mosheh said, Why do you contend with me? why do you tempt before the Lord? 3 But the people thirsted there for water, and the people were turbulent against Mosheh, and said, Why is this,—to have brought us from Mizraim, to kill me and my children and my cattle with thirst? 4 And Mosheh prayed before the Lord, saying, What shall I do with this people? Yet a little, and they will stone me! 5 And the Lord said to Mosheh, Pass over before the people, and take with thee of the elders of Israel, and thy rod wherewith thou didst smite the river take in thy hand, and go. 6 Behold, I will stand before thee there, upon the rock in Horeb, and thou shalt smite the rock, and water shall come out of it, that the people may drink. And Mosheh did so in the eyes of the elders of Israel. 7 And he called the name of the place, Temptation and Strife, because of the striving of the sons of Israel, and because they tempted before the Lord, saying, Is the Majesty of the Lord among us, or not?

8 And Amaleq came, and warred battle with Israel in Rephidim. 9 And Mosheh said to Jehoshua, Choose for us men, and go forth and do battle with Amaleq. Tomorrow I will stand on the top of the hill, and the rod with which the miracles are wrought from before the Lord shall be in my hand. 10 And Jehoshua did as Mosheh had said to him, and he did battle with Amaleq. And Mosheh, Aharon, and Hur ascended to the top of the hill. 11 And it was that when Mosheh lifted up his hand, the house of Israel prevailed; and when he let down his hand, the house of Amaleq prevailed. 12 But the hands of Mosheh became heavy, and they took a stone and placed it under him, and he sat upon it, and Aharon and Hur held up his hands, here one, and there one; and thus were his hands stretched out in prayer until the going of the sun. 13 And Jehoshua shattered Amaleq and his people with the edge of the sword. 14 And the Lord said to Mosheh: Write this memorial in the Book, and set it before Jehoshua,—That blotting, I will blot out the memorial of Amaleq from under the heavens. 15 And Mosheh builded an altar, and ministered upon it before the Lord who had wrought (such) miracles for him. 16 And he said, With an oath hath this been declared from before the Fearful One whose Shekinah is upon His glorious throne; that war shall be waged with the house of Amaleq, to destroy it from the generations of the world.

Duties of the Heart Chapter 2

Duties of the Heart Chapter 2
1 Wisdom, the Highest Good.
2 The supreme benefit, and the highest good bestowed by the Creator on human beings (after the gift of existence and the perfected faculties of perception and intelligence), is Wisdom. This, indeed, is the very life of their spirits. It is the lamp of their reason, which enables them to come to the will of God, and delivers them from all disaster in this world and in the world to come.
3 This Wisdom, or Philosophy, is of three kinds: the Philosophy of Nature, dealing with the properties and accidents of Matter; the Philosophy of Number and Measurement, the Mathematical Wisdom, including Astronomy and Music; and Philosophy, properly so called, including the knowledge of God, and the knowledge of His laws, and the rest of the sciences that are concerned with life and mind, and with human souls and spiritual beings. But all divisions of Wisdom are gates which the Creator, Blessed be He, has opened to human beings to enable them to attain to religion and the world.
4 Only some of these sciences are more necessary to the subject of Religion, and other divisions are more necessary for the attainment of worldly advantage. The highest form of Wisdom, the Divine Wisdom, is that which is most necessary to Religion. It is our duty to study this philosophy, in order, by means of Reason and discriminating intelligence, to attain to our religion, to morality and the laws of life that make for the health of our bodies and our souls

Parsha Summary – Parshas Beshalach

Parshas Beshalach
Note: The Shabbos Torah Reading is divided into 7 sections. Each section is called an Aliya [literally: Go up] since for each Aliya, one person “goes up” to make a bracha [blessing] on the Torah Reading.

1st Aliya: The Bnai Yisroel (Children of Israel – Jews) had left Mitzrayim (Egypt). The closest route to Eretz Yisroel (The Land of Israel) was along the Mediterranean coast up into Israel. However; this territory was occupied by the Philistines. The Bnai Yisroel were not ready for a battle, so Hashem (G-d) lead them toward the Sea of Reeds. Pharaoh was informed that The Bnai Yisroel appeared to be lost, and he strengthened his resolve and that of his people and pursued the Jews into the Desert.

2nd Aliya: The Egyptians caught up to the Jews as they were camped by the edge of the sea. (Imagine the thundering sound, and cloud of dust that 600 charging chariots must have made and you can begin to understand the pure terror that must have struck the hearts of the people.) Moshe reassured them that they only had to trust Hashem and stand silently as His awesome majesty wiped out the might of Mitzrayim.

3rd Aliya: Moshe was told to stretch out his staff over the sea. Hashem separated the Jews from the Egyptians with a cloud cover and caused an Easterly wind to blow the entire night. As the waters parted, the Bnai Yisroel entered between the towering walls of water and crossed to the other side. The Egyptians chased after them into the parted waters of the sea.

4th Aliya: Moshe stretched his arm back over the sea and the waters returned to their natural state, drowning the might and glory of Egypt’s best. The Bnai Yisroel witnessed G-d’s awesome display of justice and they believed in the reality of Hashem and in the appointment of Moshe as His most trusted servant. Moshe, and then Miriam, lead the Bnai Yisroel in a spontaneous song of exaltation and thanksgiving. The incident with the bitter waters at Marah is detailed.

5th Aliya: The Bnai Yisroel struggled with the realities of their experience, attempting to balance faith with practical concerns for survival. The concerns for food and water were overwhelming and Moshe promised them quail and Maana. These “miracles” were introduced to the Jews as evidence of Hashem’s love, caring, honor and glory.

6th Aliya: The Bnai Yisroel were given strict instructions regarding the gathering and eating of the Maana. They were introduced to Shabbos, and an urn of Manna was saved for posterity.

7th Aliya: The nation traveled to Rephidim, and confronted Moshe over the issue of water. Moshe saw this as an unnecessary challenge to Hashem’s caring and love. Hashem instructed Moshe to hit the rock and bring forth water. The final episode in the Parsha was Amalek’s unprovoked attack on the newly independent nation. Yehoshua lead the attack against Amalek while Moshe, Aharon, and Chur (Miriam’s son) stood atop the battle field with Moshe’s arms stretched heavenward. Hashem commanded us to eradicate and never forget Amalek’s evil.

Haftorah Beshalach
Shoftim 4:4

This weeks Haftorah is found in Shoftim (Judges) chapter 4. It relates the story of Devorah the Prophet, who along with her husband Barak, ruled the nation for 40 years. The year was 2654 – 1107 b.c.e and the nation was subject to the rule of Yavin of Canaan and his evil General Sisra. In a decisive battle at the foot of Mt. Tabor by the brook of Kishon, Hashem delivered the armies of Yavin into the hands of Barak and the Bnai Yisroel (Children of Israel). Sisra, the general, fled the battlefield on foot and sought refuge in the tent of Yael (a non-jew). He asked for water but she gave him milk, and he then fell into a deep sleep. Yael took a tent stake and drove it through the skull of the evil Sisra.

Reminiscent of the destruction of Mitzrayim by the Yam Suff (Sea of Reeds) and the Shira which was sung by the Bnai Yisroel, Devorah sang a magnificent song filled with the praises and glory of Hashem. This Haftorah is the longest Haftorah in the course of the year.

Parsha Summary, Copyright © 2015 by Rabbi Aron Tendler and Torah.org.

Parashat Beshalach / פרשת בשלח

UNIVERSAL TORAH: BESHALACH

By Rabbi Avraham Greenbaum

Torah Reading: Exodus 13:17-17:16
Haftara: Judges 4:4-5:31 (Sephardi ritual: Judges 5:1-31).

INTO THE WILDERNESS

Fairy tales may end happily ever after, but the Torah is an encounter with reality, in which progress and breakthroughs are frequently accompanied by reverses and obstacles.

The climactic drama of the Exodus, related in last week’s parshah of BO, was followed by the entry of the Children of Israel into the Wilderness, the MIDBAR, a place that “speaks” — MEDABER — teaching day by day. The MIDBAR is a super-reality, a stark no-man’s land where the ultimate existential reality of our lives, wanderers in this often inhospitable world, is writ large. It was fitting that the Torah was given in the Wilderness, a place to which no one can lay claim, a place where no one can take credit. In the wilderness, no one provides hospitality except G-d.

The main event of the “Giving of the Torah” at Sinai is recounted in next week’s parshah of YISRO (and also in the ensuing parshah of MISHPATIM, as well as partially in VA-ESCHANAN, the second parshah of Deuteronomy). However, the lessons learned by the Children of Israel in ALL their wanderings in the Wilderness are integral parts of this same Torah, as in this week’s parshah of BESHALACH, which begins to relate their encounter with the harsh reality of the Wilderness after the exuberance of the Exodus.

Directly after the triumphant march of the Children of Israel out of Egypt “with a high hand”, they appear to go into retreat, and their former masters come racing after them to recapture them. Directly after they depart from the Red Sea after witnessing the greatest ever freak event in the natural order, they find themselves three days into the Wilderness with no water to drink. They go further, and they have nothing to eat. They find food today, but will they have food tomorrow? They go further — and again there is nothing to drink. Suddenly, their deadliest enemies, the Amalekites attack.

The promise is that at the end of the journey lies the “happy ending” — the Land flowing with milk and honey. But unlike in fairy tales, the path through the speaking, teaching Wilderness of reality is long and arduous, twisting and turning in frightening ways. Each twist and turn in the journey comes to teach a new aspect of faith in G-d: faith in the miracles that take place in and through the workings of nature (“and they BELIEVED in HaShem and in Moses his servant”, Ex. 14:31); faith in the miracles through which we receive our livelihood (the root of MANNA is the same as EMUNAH, faith); faith in G-d’s miraculous power to heal through our keeping the Torah (“I, HaShem am your healer” Ex. 15:26); faith in G-d’s power to conquer the forces of evil (“and his hands were faith” Ex. 17:12).

Faith is the sustenance needed to survive in the wilderness of this world and to reach the promised “inhabited land” (Ex. 16:35) that surely lies at the end of the road. The very twists and turns in the road are trials sent to bring us nearer to this sustaining faith. For that reason, it is not written (Ex. 14:10) that “Pharaoh drew near” (KARAV, Pa’al verbal form) to the Children of Israel, but rather, Pharaoh HIKRIV, Hif’il verbal form — “Pharaoh BROUGHT closer” (see Rashi ad loc.). I.e. Pharaoh brought the Children of Israel closer: his very onslaught and the fear it caused brought them closer to G-d, forcing them to turn to Him in prayer and faith.

* * *16-Song-of-the-Sea

THE MIRACLE OF THE SPLITTING OF THE SEA

A man once came to Rabbi Yisrael, the Baal Shem Tov, wanting to ask him a question. The man had studied science and philosophy, and according to what he had learned, at the time when the sea split before the Children of Israel, there were natural reasons why it split. Since the sea split naturally, why does everyone make such a fuss about the miracle of the splitting of the sea? This question made the man enormously perplexed, which is why he traveled to the Baal Shem Tov.

Before the man had an opportunity to put his question, the Baal Shem Tov went to the Synagogue and gave instructions to assemble everyone in the town for a sermon. The Baal Shem Tov stood up and said that there are crazy people and unbelievers who find this difficult, but they have eyes yet they do not see. For it is written, “In the beginning G-d — ELOKIM — created.” (Gen. 1:1). The Hebrew letters of the name ELOKIM have the numerical value of 86, which is the same as that of the letters of the word HATEVA = Nature. The Holy One blessed be He also created nature. And thus our sages taught that when “the sea returned to its strength (EITANO)” (Ex. 14:27), this can be read as if the sea “returned to its CONDITION (TANA-O)” (Midrash Rabba Beshalach 21:6). From this we learn that when G-d brought about the Creation, he made a condition and incorporated into the very nature of the sea that it would split before the Children of Israel at that precise moment. This makes the miracle even greater, for G-d gave the sea this nature from the very outset of the creation for the sake of the Children of Israel. BEREISHIS — “for REISHIS — for the Children of Israel, who are called REISHIS = the first”. If Israel had not needed this miracle, G-d would not have created nature so.”

(From Beis Yaakov — Teachings of the Baal Shem Tov — Parshas Bereishis & Beshalach).

* * *

THE SONG OF PROVIDENCE

The Shabbos of Parshas BESHALACH is known as SHABBOS SHIRAH, the Shabbos of Song, because the parshah contains the SHIRAS HAYAM, the “Song of the Sea” sung by the Children of Israel after the miracle.

The difference between song (or music) and mere noise is that noise is random and meaningless, while song and music are ordered and communicate a message.

The Children of Israel burst into song after the miracle of the splitting of the sea, because at that moment, they saw clearly that nature is not random and meaningless. It was tailor made for them! The natural realm, random and chaotic as it may seem, is part of and subject to one greater order or system. It is all one song — the awesome Song of G-d’s HASHGACHAH, His “watching over” the world, supervising every tiny detail. Each detail is a note in the amazing beauty of this song. (See Likutey Moharan Part II, Discourse 8:9 and Rabbi Nachman’s story of the Exchanged Children).

At the very center of this Song, to which all the world dances, is the vision of the Holy Temple, the House on G-d’s Mountain in Jerusalem. This too is an integral part of BEREISHIS, the letters of which, when rearranged, spell out BAYIS ROSH — the “House that is the Head”. “In Your kindness You have taken this people that You redeemed, You have led them in Your strength to the dwelling-place of Your holiness. You will bring them and plant them on the Mountain of Your inheritance, the foundation of Your dwelling place that You have made, HaShem, the Sanctuary, O G-d, that Your hands have formed” (Ex. Ch. 15 vv. 13 & 17).

When we train ourselves to hear the Song of G-d’s providence, we can at treasured moments see, with the eyes of faith, the “inhabited land” that lies at the end of the road. It is this vision that gives us the strength to continue with the journey.

* * *

THE TORAH HEALING PATHWAY

Parshas BESHALACH is always read just prior to, or as this year, actually ON the festival of TU BISHVAT (15th of Shevat). Many people think of this as the “Festival of Trees”. However, the Mishneh (Rosh HaShanah 1:1) refers to it as the “New Year of THE TREE”. On one level, this is an allusion to the Etrog tree — and it is proper on Tu Bishvat to offer a prayer for the Etrog one will take in eight months time on the festival of Succos, for it is now, after Tu Bishvat, that the fruit begins to develop and grow on the tree. On another level, “THE TREE” is an allusion to the Tree of Life, which begins sending fresh vitality and life into the world just when spring starts to appear in the Land of Israel and the water from the winter rains enters the trees from the soil, sending energizing sap all through them.

“And they came to Marah and they could not drink the waters for they were bitter. And he cried to HaShem, and HaShem SHOWED HIM (or “taught him”) A TREE and he cast it into the waters and they were sweetened” (Exodus 15:23, 25).

The “Tree” that sweetens the bitterness of life is the Torah, which provides us with the waters of DA’AS, understanding of how evil is joined to good as part of G-d’s unity.

The first laws of the Torah were given at Marah: “There He placed for him [i.e. Israel] a law and judgment, and there He tested [the people]. And He said, If you will surely listen to the voice of HaShem your G-d and do what is right in His eyes and listen to His commandments and guard all His statutes, all the diseases that I have put upon Egypt I will not put upon you, for I HaShem am your healer” (Ex. 15:25-6).

The laws given at Marah were those of Shabbos, the Red Heiffer (purifying from defilement from contact with a dead body) and DINIM, the laws governing our relations with others (see Rashi on Ex. 15:25). All three are bound up with healing. Only through keeping Shabbos is it possible to heal from the curse of Adam, “with the sweat of your brow you will eat bread”. Man is forced to work in the world. The only release from this slavery (Egypt) is to abstain from work for one day of the week, in order to elevate the work of all the days of the week to the service of G-d. The Ashes of the Red Heiffer are the source of all healing (EPHER = ashes, has the same letters as the root RAPA = heal), for if we cannot heal from death and integrate it into our vision of life, we cannot heal from anything. The laws governing our relations with others in our family, marital, business and other dealings are the foundation of social healing, which must go hand in hand with individual healing.

* * *

May we be blessed with health and strength and taste of the fruit of the Tree of Life this TU BISHVAT!!!

Shabbat Shalom!

Avraham YehosGreenbaumhua

Dvar Torah – Bo

Parshas Bo
A Generous Dose of Encouragement
And they went and they did, the Children of Israel, just as HASHEM had commanded Moshe and Aaron so they did! (Shemos 12:28)

They went and they did: The verse credits them even for their going, giving reward for their going as well as for the doing. (Rashi)

We learn here from the extra words, “and they went”, that they were creditted for going to get the sheep for the sacrificial lamb- the Korbon Pesach. Otherwise why would the Torah have to furnish us with that extra information that they had gone to do. Of course they went! The sheep are not presumed to come to them. Very nice! Now we have a great lesson to contemplate upon and realize in our lives. There is reward in the going, not just in the doing. Every step of the process is also part of the total accomplishment. However, the question lingers, “Why here and now?” Why at this first baby step when the Jewish Nation is waking up to the responsibility and risks involved with doing Mitzvos, do we learn this particular point?

Years back when I was making a Bris for my oldest son I found myself wondering, as the date was approaching, about the idea of celebrating a Bris. It’s not just the cost of catering that concerned me, but the joy involved. People were coming from far away, leaving at early hours to be there on time. We do a surgery on the little fellow and everyone shouts “Mazel Tov!” If you were coming out of the hospital from surgery for an ingrown toe nail, you would not expect to be greeted at the hospital with white fish. The covennent part I think I get but where is the kindliness in this act that rquires some brute force, pardon me? Avraham Avinu was the pradigm of kindliness and yet he launched this generational program all according to the Commandment of HASHEM, the ultimate source kindliness. Even if we want to say that Avraham was being tested in an area not his speciality, and that going against his nature was the biggest part of the accomplishment, then why celebrate?

Where is the kindliness embedded in this seeming unkind cut? At the Bris I attempted to give expression to the question in the following way:

The Talmud (Shabbos) tells us that when King David went to the bathhouse he became anxious in one moment. He was painfully aware that no Mitzvos accompanied him there. No Mezuzah, no Tefillin, and no Tallis are on display in such a place. One is not permitted to learn Torah or even think Divrei Torah in the Mikva. Then when he was comforted when he realized that he was affixed since his earliest days, with a permanent Mitzvah, a Bris Milah. That calmed his nerves. What was the source of his terrible fear? There is an inertia factor in Mitzvos. Violations invite violations. Mitzvos inspire more Mitzvos. There’s no such thing as just standing still. One is either climbing or sinking like the angels on Yaavov’s ladder. Traffic is going either up or down. No one is parked in his place!

A seminary teacher of my wife told the girls before they came back to America, that they should learn for at least five minutes each day because, “a bird that stops flapping its wings does not stay in the same place!” David had to assume he was falling! How does one reverse course? How does one get started? When there’s a blackout, you need a light to find a-light. When broke, one needs money to make money, and so too, to do a Mitzvah one needs the merit of a Mitzvah. That’s what consoled David. He had that first Mitzvah, he realized to launch him onto a carreer of Mitzvos. That could be the Chessed, the ultimate kindliness of the Bris. A Jewish child with a Bris has the first Mitzvah to get the inertia moving in that direction of moving closer to HASHEM through Mitzvos.

It makes sense that this idea of a reward “going” is learned where the Jewish People are getting started, when they were “naked”-void of Mitzvos. It is usually in these beginning stages that the need for a reward for any initial movement is so critical like a generous dose of encouragement.