Mishnah: All are obligated in “the appearing” [i.e. making a pilgrimage on the major holidays to the Temple], except a deaf man, a fool, and a child, and one of doubtful sex, and one of double sex, and women, and slaves who are not freed, the lame man, and the blind man, and the sick man, and the old man, and he who is not able to go up on his feet.
What is the definition of a child? One who is not able to ride upon his father’s shoulders, and to go up from Jerusalem to the mountain of the Temple. These are the words of the house of Shammai.
But the house of Hillel say,
Every one who is not able to take hold of his father’s hand, and to go up from Jerusalem to the mountain of the House, as it is said, (Exdus 23:14) “three times.”
The house of Shammai say,
The “appearing” involves two pieces of silver and the hagigah a meah of silver,
but the house of Hillel say,
The “appearing” involves a meah of silver and the hagigah two pieces of silver.
Gemara: What is the expression “all” to include?
It is to include one who is half a slave and half free.
But according to Ravina, who said,
He who is half a slave and half free is exempt from the “appearing”, what is the expression “all” to include?
It is to include one who is lame on the first day and well on the second day.
This agrees with he who says, All of them [i.e. the sacrifice] can be “made up” from one day to another [within the holiday]; but according to him who says, All of them can be “made up” for the first day only, what does “all” include?
It is to include one who is blind in one eye.
But this is not in accordance with the following Baraita.
For Yochanan ben Dahabai, in the name of Rabbi Yehudah, taught,
He who is blind in one eye is exempt from the “appearing”, as it is said, (Exodus 23:17) “He shall be seen” or “He shall see.” As he went to see, so he went to be seen; just as he went to be seen with both eyes, so too to see with both eyes.
And, if you want I’ll say
It is really what they originally said [that it refers to a half-slave, half-free man]. And that which is difficult to you because of Ravina [who already says he is exempt],there is no difficulty.
Here is according to the older Mishnah, here is according to the later Mishnah.
For it was taught in the Mishnah,
One who is half a slave and half free serves his master one day and himself the other day. These are the words of the house of Hillel.
The house of Shammai said to them,